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Fire Protection

Fire Protection

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Fire Protection

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  1. Fire Protection John Giefer

  2. Statistics • In the Drilling Industry • 25% of all inspections found violations of 1910.157 (21 inspections in 78 inspections) • 5% of all violations • In the Service Industry • 9% of all inspections found violations of 1910.157 (5 inspections in 58 inspections)

  3. Statistics • Most Frequently cited fire protection standards in the Oil and Gas Industry • 1910.157(c)(1)-location and mounting • 1910.157(c)(4)-maintain in operating condition • 1910.157(d)(1)-proper selection • 1910.157(e)(2)-monthly inspection • 1910.157(e)(3)-annual inspection • 1910.157(g)(1)-training

  4. General • Two types of fire protection required • General (for facility) • Specific for operations or hazardous conditions

  5. General • Appropriate Standards • 1910.38 Emergency Action Plans • 1910.39 Fire Prevention Plans • 1910.156 Fire Brigades • 1910.157 Portable Fire Extinguishers • 1910.158 Standpipe and Hose Systems • 1910.159 Automatic Sprinkler Systems • 1910.160 Fixed Extinguishing Systems

  6. General • 1910.161 Dry Chemical systems • 1910.162 Gaseous Agent systems • 1910.163 Water Spray and foam systems • 1910.164 Fire detection systems • 1910.165 Employee Alarm systems • Appendices

  7. First Decision • Flee or not to flee • Standards allow employer to determine the degree of fire protection with which he wishes to comply

  8. Decision • Level 1 – total evacuation • Level 2 – fight small stage fires with essential personnel, evacuate others • Level 3 – fight fires with trained employees

  9. Level 1 • Develop emergency action plan complying with 1910.38 • Must be in writing if 10 or more employees affected • Key provisions include • How to report fires • Designated exit routes, assembly points and method for accounting for employees • Essential and critical functions defined and tasked to individuals

  10. Level 1 • Emergency Action Plan elements • If employees assigned rescue/first aid duties, establish procedures • Design employee responsible for plan changes • Must have employee alarm system • Must train all employees • Review with employees when change occurs

  11. Level 1 • Fire Protection Plan 1910.39 • In writing unless less than 10 employees • Elements • List all major fire hazards, proper storage and handling procedures, sources of ignition and their control • Procedures to control flammable and combustible waste • Procedures to maintain safeguards installed on heat producing equipment • Name of responsible maintenance employees • Train all employees

  12. Level 2 • Fighting small scale fires with partial evacuation of employees • Establish emergency action plan for employees to evacuate • Comply with 1910.157 • Train designated employees on use of fire extinguishers

  13. Level 3 • Establish fire protection unit complying with 1910.156 • Trained and equipped fire brigade • Handles all stages and types of fire

  14. Complying with 1910.157 • If employer has planned for total evacuation, has an emergency action plan and a fire protection plan in place, employer does not have to have fire extinguishers in place to comply with OSHA standards • (this does not release him from any local fire regulations)

  15. 1910.157 • General Requirements • Must be provided and mounted • Only approved fire extinguishers permitted • Must be maintained fully charged • Must be kept in designated locations

  16. 1910.157 • Selection • Most fire hazards are ABC • Insure fire extinguishers are designed for your fire hazard

  17. 1910.157 • Distribution • Class A fires – maximum travel 75 feet • Class B fires – maximum travel 50 feet • Class C fires – maximum travel (less of the two above) • Class D fires – maximum travel 75 feet • (Employer may use a sprinkler system meeting the requirements of 1910.158 or 159 to meet Class A fire travel distances)

  18. 1910.157 • Inspections • Visual inspection monthly • Annual maintenance check with records retained for 1 year • Hydrostatic testing at designated intervals

  19. 1910.157 • Training • If intended for use trained on principles of fire extinguisher use and hazards of fighting incipient stage fires • Train affected employees annually

  20. Specific Fire Hazards1910.106 • Storage of Flammables • Extinguisher with 12B rating at least 10 feet from any storage room doorway • Outside storage-12B rated extinguisher no closer than 10 feet, no farther than 25 feet

  21. Specific Requirements • Refueling areas • 1 extinguisher with a rating of 6BC located within 75 feet of refueling area for class 1 liquids • 1 extinguisher with a rating of 8BC for locations refueling with LPG

  22. Odds and Ends • 1910.35 to 1910.37 • Fire exits • Exit routes • Life safety code