Central America is influenced by indigenous people and Spanish settlers. • The Caribbean is blended with indigenous groups with diverse influences from: • Spain, Great Britain, France, Africa, Netherlands (the Dutch), India, and China. • Population Density varies all over the region: • Guatemala = 302 people per square mile. • Belize = 33 people per square mile. • The Caribbean tends to have large densities due to small land area and large populations Population
European conquest • Christopher Columbus’s arrival to the West Indies led to the Spanish exploration and colonization of the Caribbean islands. • By the 1600’s hard labor, starvations, and European diseases had nearly wiped out the Native people. • This was known as The Columbian Exchange:Movement of plants, animals, and diseases between Europe and The Americas History and Government
In 1804 Haiti won its independence from France. • This sparked independence movements across the areas. • Many countries in this region are still struggling to end corruption in politics and bring economic benefits to all their citizens. History and Government Cont..
Language: • Spanish is the primary language in Central America. • The Caribbean is filled with a variety of languages: • The main languages are English, Spanish, French, and Dutch. • However, each country has their own dialect (Form of language that is unique to an area. Culture
Religion: • Central America: Roman Catholic. • Caribbean: Varies based on who colonized the islands. • English speaking tend to be Protestant and Spanish speaking tend to be Roman Catholic. • Education and Healthcare: • Vary throughout the region and typically depends on the standard of living. • High Standard =Better education and healthcare • Low Standard = Poor education and healthcare. Culture