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Central America and the Caribbean. Central America. Is a cultural hearth-a place from which important ideas spread The Mayans came from here. Central America. Spanish took Mexico and it opened up a pathway to Central America 1823-declared itself independent of Mexico

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Presentation Transcript
central america
Central America
  • Is a cultural hearth-a place from which important ideas spread
  • The Mayans came from here
central america1
Central America
  • Spanish took Mexico and it opened up a pathway to Central America
  • 1823-declared itself independent of Mexico
  • New Name-United Provinces of America
the caribbean
The Caribbean
  • Settled and claimed by many European powers
  • By 19th century, Spanish, French, British, Dutch, and Danish all claimed parts of the Caribbean.
caribbean
Caribbean
  • Found by Columbus in 1492
  • Thoughts he had found India and called them “Indians”
  • Were actually called

“Taino”

caribbean1
Caribbean
  • Taino died out
  • Africans brought in to replace them
  • Sugar plantations
breaking free
Breaking Free!!!!
  • Haiti was freed during a slave rebellion in the 1790s.
  • Cuba independent in 1898.
  • Jamaica, Trinidad, and Tobago independent in 1962.
caribbean culture
Caribbean Culture
  • Religions-Catholic, Protestant, Santeria, Voodoo, and Rastafarianism
  • Languages-Spanish, French, and English (many small groups speak other languages)
economy
Economy
  • Exports-sugar cane, bananas, citrus fruits, coffee, spices
  • Poor pay on plantations
  • Panama Canal
economy1
Economy
  • Informal economy-takes place outside official channels, without benefits or protection for workers
    • Street vending
    • Shining shoes
    • Etc.