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Chapter 13 - South

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Chapter 13 - South

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  1. Chapter 13 - South Section 2 – Southern Society

  2. Southern Society & Culture • During the first half of the 1800s, only about 1/3 of white southern families had slaves. • Fewer families had plantations

  3. Planters • Wealthiest members • Show off wealth/live simply • More power and wealth than yeomen • Males • Raised crops and supervised slaves • Household duties left to the wife • Raising of the children • Supervised slave work inside the house • Cooked, cleaned… • Kids had arranged marriages

  4. Yeomen & Poor Whites • Most white southerners were yeomen • Owners of small farms • Owned few slaves or none at all • Farms were typically 100 acres • Poorest of whites lived on land that could not grow crops. • Survived by hunting, fishing, raising small gardens and doing odd jobs for money

  5. Religion • Most shared similar religious beliefs • Usually only saw neighbors at church events

  6. African Americans • Free African Americans lived in both rural and urban areas • Worked as paid laborers on plantations/farms • Faced constant discrimination from white southerners. Most free African Americans could not: • Vote • Travel freely • Hold certain jobs

  7. The Slave System - Work • Gang-labor system • All worked on the same task at the same time. • Sunup to sundown • Men, women and children (10+) • Sickness and poor weather no excuse. • Working in the Home • Butlers, cooks, nurses • Better food, clothing and shelter • Worked longer hours (24 hours a day)

  8. The Slave System - Life • Property not people • Bought and sold slaves (auction) • Poor living conditions • Dirt floor cabins • Leaky roofs • Cheap fabric clothing

  9. Punishment & Slave Codes • Obedience • Offered more food or better living conditions • Punishment • In front of other slaves • Codes • Laws • Prohibited traveling far from homes • No education • Fining and whipping

  10. The Slave System - Culture • Family most important aspect • Feared separation more than punishment • Passed down folktales (stories) to ensure the children didn’t forget their heritage. • Christians • Music and songs to express their beliefs

  11. Rebellion • Worked slower to protest long hours • Ran away for a few days • Escaping to the North • If discovered, sent back home and punished/death • Violent revolts

  12. Rebellion • Nat Turner’s Rebellion (August 1831) • Most violent • Led a group of slaves in a plan to kill all slaveholders and families • Attacked Turner’s slave holder. • Killed 60 white people in community • More than 100 innocent slaves were killed in attempt to stop rebellion • 6 weeks. Executed November 11, 1831 • Strengthened slave code