Chapter 3 Key Terms:
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Chapter 3 Key Terms: Constitution p.78 executive p. 79 economic depression p. 82 Daniel Shays p. 83 James Madison p.87 judicial branch p. 87 Roger Sherman p. 88 James Wilson p.88 compromise p. 88 Governor Morris p. 91 ratify p. 92 Alexander Hamilton p. 92 John Jay p. 92 George Mason p. 93.

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Chapter 3 Key Terms:

Constitution p.78executive p. 79economic depression p. 82Daniel Shays p. 83James Madison p.87judicial branch p. 87Roger Sherman p. 88James Wilson p.88compromise p. 88Governor Morris p. 91ratify p. 92Alexander Hamilton p. 92John Jay p. 92George Mason p. 93

Chapter 3 Focus Question:

How did the United States Constitution overcome the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and provide for the organization of the new government?

Government by the states
Government by the States

  • As the revolution approached, eleven of the thirteen states wrote new constitutions.

  • These constitutions minimized the power of the governor, giving most of the power to state legislatures elected by the people

  • Governors served as the state’s executive, responsible for carrying out laws and appointing key state officials, but they had very little power.

Protecting rights
Protecting Rights

  • Virginia was the first state to include a bill of rights in it’s constitution.

  • It included freedom of religion, freedom of the press, the right to a trial by jury and barred “cruel and unusual punishment.”

  • In some cases, rights were not protected because there no check on the power of the legislature.

The articles of confederation
The Articles of Confederation

  • It was the first framework for a national government, adopted by the Continental Congress in 1777

  • It had just one branch of government, a one house legislature called Congress – all states had one vote

  • States retained most of the power

  • Congress had limited powers, and no way of enforcing laws they passed