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How Will America Survive Without Foreign Oil?. Ideas for Today and Tomorrow. America is the World’s Largest Consumer of Energy. America has approximately 5% of the world’s population We consume approximately 30% of the world’s energy

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america is the world s largest consumer of energy
America is the World’s Largest Consumer of Energy
  • America has approximately 5% of the world’s population
  • We consume approximately 30% of the world’s energy
  • Americans consume more than twice the energy of citizens of industrialized nations
more than 50 of the oil consumed in america is foreign
More than 50% of the oil consumed in America is foreign
  • Key suppliers include:
    • Mexico
    • Canada
    • Venezuela
    • Saudi Arabia
  • This dependency costs money
today s situation
Today’s Situation
  • We use 19.5 million barrels of oil a day for transportation
  • On 2001, more than 10% of our Gross Domestic Product was spent on transportation
  • Emissions from automobiles emit 22% of America’s greenhouse gases a year
how is transportation inefficient
How is transportation inefficient
  • Vehicles can be much more fuel efficient
    • Lighter materials
    • Better engine design
    • Fuel additives
    • Hybrid Vehicles
  • Savings add up
    • Money saved each year on fuel
    • Money saved on related costs
short term goals and caveat
Short-term Goals and Caveat
  • Increase the use of additives
  • Increase minimum MPG on automobiles
  • Do both of the above without affecting vehicle prices
long term strategy
Long-Term Strategy
  • 55 MPG vehicles within 20 years
  • 50% ethanol fuel within 20 years
  • Caveat – Keep cars safe and powerful
how did we get here
How Did We Get Here?
  • Waste
    • No carpooling
    • Bigger cars
  • Thriving Economy
    • Cheap gas
    • More powerful cars
americans love our cars
Americans Love Our Cars
  • It’s a big country
  • We’re used to the convenience
  • The use of private vehicles for transportation is going to stay
we are on the move
We are on the move
  • Americans traveled nearly 5 trillion miles in 1999
americans will not kick the car habit in the near future
Americans will not kick the car habit in the near future
  • This means the only short-term solution is to:
    • Demand more efficient vehicles
    • Use renewable fuel additives such as ethanol
better mileage

Better mileage

Fuel technology alone can increase economy to 40 miles per gallon

ethanol is more efficient
Ethanol is more efficient
  • 100 BTUs of energy to produce 135 BTUs of ethanol
  • 100 BTUs of energy to produce 85 BTUs of gasoline
current vehicles can use it
Current vehicles can use it
  • Every automobile manufactured for sale in the US is capable of running with an ethanol fuel additive
  • Some diesel engines can even operate with mixtures containing as much as 85% ethanol
why is it good
Why is it good?
  • It’s made in America
  • It’s renewable
  • It costs about the same as gasoline
  • It burns cleaner
  • It prevents freezing gas lines
  • We can grow as much as we need
more efficient vehicles
More Efficient Vehicles
  • Increasing fuel use to 55mpg will save 4 billion barrels of oil over the next 12 years
  • By 2020, we can save 4.8 million barrels a day – more than we currently import from the Persian gulf
more efficient homes less oil needed to create this energy
More efficient homes = less oil needed to create this energy
  • Better construction
  • Solar power
  • Geothermal heating and cooling
  • Wind production
  • Lighting
insulation savings
Insulation = savings
  • Building “super insulated” homes use only about 20% of the energy to heat and cool
  • The cost of construction is saved in less than 2 years
simple solutions can equal big energy savings
Simple solutions can equal big energy savings
  • Weather stripping
  • Double pane windows
  • Foam core doors
  • Attic fans
  • Higher quality insulation
  • Southern windows
two types of solar
Two types of solar
  • Electricity production
  • Heat production
making your own electricity
Making your own electricity
  • A midsize photovoltaic solar panel will:
    • Cost approx $10,000 after incentives
    • Produce 24% of the electricity used by the average household
    • Eliminate 7600lbs of CO2 emissions in one year
the sun can heat and cool
The Sun can heat...and cool:
  • Solar energy is easily converted to heat
  • It can also be used in a system that cools
the steps of solar heating
The steps of solar heating
  • The sun heats water between layers of glass or other material
  • The water is circulated throughout the home radiating its heat
  • The cooled water is circulated back through the glass plates
these systems are readily available
These systems are readily available
  • “Normal” energy production is 20%-30% efficient.
  • CHPS are approximately 80% efficient.
current legislation

Current Legislation

There is a surprising amount of efficiency legislation either on the books or pending in Congress

energy interconnect legislation
Energy Interconnect Legislation
  • Combined Heat and Power Advancement Act of 2001
  • Designed to promote the development of CHP systems by providing equal access to the power grid
s 804 fuel efficiency bill

S.804Fuel Efficiency Bill

Stuck in Committee

slide54
There are currently 12 energy efficiency related bills pending in the Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee
we can afford it
We can afford it
  • Energy savings will recoup investment costs
  • Lower pollution will free up funds for other purposes
  • Fewer environmental cleanup disasters