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Post-Cold War American Foreign Policy Part I: The Bush and Clinton Years What have been three goals of American foreign policy during the post-Cold War era? Foreign aid Humanitarian aid Support for human rights

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post cold war american foreign policy

Post-Cold War American Foreign Policy

Part I: The Bush and Clinton Years

what have been three goals of american foreign policy during the post cold war era
What have been three goals of American foreign policy during the post-Cold War era?
  • Foreign aid
  • Humanitarian aid
  • Support for human rights
slide3
Has involvement in conflicts in other areas of the world been part of American foreign policy since 1988?
  • YES
during the cold war what were the six east european communist satellites of the soviet union
During the Cold War, what were the six East European communist satellites of the Soviet Union?
slide6
1) East Germany
  • 2) Poland
  • 3) Hungary
  • 4) Romania
  • 5) Bulgaria
  • 6) Czechoslovakia
to what defensive military alliance did the six soviet satellites in eastern europe belong
To what defensive military alliance did the six Soviet satellites in Eastern Europe belong?
  • The Warsaw Pact
what the most important symbol of the cold war division of europe from 1961 until 1989
What the most important symbol of the Cold War division of Europe from 1961 until 1989?
  • The Berlin Wall
what happened to the berlin wall in 1989
What happened to the Berlin Wall in 1989?
  • German citizens tore down the Berlin Wall
where did communist governments collapse during the presidency of george h w bush
Where did communist governments collapse during the presidency of George H. W. Bush?
  • Eastern Europe
  • The Soviet Union
slide11
Into what two countries did Czechoslovakia split after the communists lost control of the government?
  • The Czech Republic
  • Slovakia
what two beliefs did eastern europe adopt after the fall of communism
What two beliefs did Eastern Europe adopt after the fall of communism?
  • Democracy
  • Free market capitalism
what was the situation in yugoslavia in 1990 during george h w bush s presidency
What was the situation in Yugoslavia in 1990, during George H. W. Bush’s presidency?
  • Yugoslavia was showing signs of collapse.
what did it mean for yugoslavia to be non aligned during the cold war
What did it mean for Yugoslavia to be non-aligned during the Cold War?
  • Was neutral
  • Sided with neither the United States nor the Soviet Union
where was yugoslavia located
Where was Yugoslavia located?
  • Europe’s Balkan Peninsula
what did four of the six republics of yugoslavia do in 1991 and 1992
What did four of the six republics of Yugoslavia do in 1991 and 1992?
  • Declared their independence from Yugoslavia
what was the religion of the serbs
What was the religion of the Serbs?
  • Eastern Orthodox Christians
what broke out in bosnia herzegovina in 1992
What broke out in Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1992?
  • Civil war between the Serbs, Croats, and Bosnians
what two american presidents had to deal with the civil war in bosnia
What two American presidents had to deal with the civil war in Bosnia?
  • George H. W. Bush
  • Bill Clinton
slide32
When it became known that Serbian forces were practicing “ethnic cleansing” against Bosnian, Muslims, and Croats
what did serbian troops do to more than two million bosnian muslims and croats
What did Serbian troops do to more than two million Bosnian Muslims and Croats?
  • Took them from their homes and put them into refugee camps
slide35
1) Mass murders of civilians
  • 2) Massacres of Muslim men and boys
  • 3) Existence of concentration camps
to what was the serbian ethnic cleansing of bosnia muslims compared
To what was the Serbian “ethnic cleansing” of Bosnia Muslims compared?
  • Nazi Germany’s attempted genocide of European Jews during World War II
what is genocide
What is genocide?
  • The intentional destruction of an entire racial, religious, or cultural group
what are atrocities
What are atrocities?
  • Acts of violence
slide40
Did either President Bush or President Clinton intervene directly in Bosnia by sending American ground troops there?
  • No
how did presidents bush and clinton try to stop the civil war in bosnia
How did Presidents Bush and Clinton try to stop the civil war in Bosnia?
  • Tried to work through the United Nations
  • Tried to work through NATO
what was the role of nato under the terms of the peace treaty that ended the civil war in bosnia
What was the role of NATO under the terms of the peace treaty that ended the civil war in Bosnia?
  • NATO would enforce peace in Bosnia-Herzegovina
how did nato enforce peace in bosnia herzegovina
How did NATO enforce peace in Bosnia-Herzegovina?
  • NATO sent a peacekeeping force of 60,000 troops to the Balkans, including 20,000 Americans.
how did the united states react to iraq s invasion of kuwait
How did the United States react to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait?
  • President Bush said the Iraqi invasion violated Kuwait’s national sovereignty
what did world leaders fear hussein might do as a result of the invasion of kuwait
What did world leaders fear Hussein might do as a result of the invasion of Kuwait?
  • Threaten Saudi Arabia and its oil reserves
what action did the united nations security council take regarding the iraqi invasion of kuwait
What action did the United Nations Security Council take regarding the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait?
slide51
Said the invasion was wrong
  • Imposed economic sanctions or penalties on Iraq
why did some world leaders fear iraqi control over kuwait
Why did some world leaders fear Iraqi control over Kuwait?
  • Saddam Hussein might control the world oil market
what did president bush put together to oppose the iraqi invasion of kuwait
What did President Bush put together to oppose the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait?
  • A coalition or alliance of nations that were against Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait
slide54
What three major countries supported the American-led coalition that opposed the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait?
  • Great Britain
  • France
  • The Soviet Union
what was the first phase of operation desert storm
What was the first phase of Operation Desert Storm?
  • A massive air assault on Iraqi forces occupying Kuwait
what was operation desert storm s second phase
What was Operation Desert Storm’s second phase?
  • A ground attack on Kuwait and Iraq
slide58
Iraqi resistance collapsed
  • Coalition forces took control of Kuwait’s capital Kuwait City
  • Iraqi troops retreated to Iraq
slide61
Saddam Hussein stayed in power in Iraq
  • American-led coalition achieved its goal of freeing Kuwait from Iraqi rule
  • Coalition restored self-rule to Kuwait’s leaders
what does free trade mean
What does free trade mean?
  • The removal of tariff barriers to trade with other nations
no tariffs
No Tariffs:
  • Would increase trade
  • Would lead to economic growth in United States
  • Would create new jobs for Americans
for what does nafta stand
For what does NAFTA stand?
  • North American Free Trade Agreement
slide69
A trade agreement between the United States, Canada, and Mexico
  • Reduced all trade tariffs
  • Reduced most business restrictions over the next fifteen years
what effect did nafta have on trade in north america
What effect did NAFTA have on trade in North America?
  • Created one market or regional trading block, larger than the European community
slide71
What type of jobs did NAFTA opponents fear would be eliminated in the United States if NAFTA became law?
  • Manufacturing jobs
slide73
Removal of tariffs on Mexican imports would cause many American manufacturers to move their factories to Mexico
why did nafta opponents believe american business would move their factories to mexico
Why did NAFTA opponents believe American business would move their factories to Mexico?
  • Mexican workers were paid lower wages than American workers
slide76
Senate ratified the NAFTA Treaty
  • Restored full diplomatic relations with communist Vietnam
  • Lifted economic sanctions against South Africa, when apartheid was ended
what did it mean for the clinton administration to restore full diplomatic relations with vietnam
What did it mean for the Clinton administration to restore full diplomatic relations with Vietnam?
slide78
1) United States recognized the communist government as the legitimate or lawful government of Vietnam
  • 2) United States exchanged ambassadors with Vietnam
define the term apartheid
Define the term apartheid?
  • South Africa’s brutal system of racial segregation and discrimination against the nation’s black majority
why did south africa follow the policy of apartheid
Why did South Africa follow the policy of apartheid?
  • So that the small white minority would rule the country
who was released from prison in south africa when the south african government ended apartheid
Who was released from prison in South Africa, when the South African government ended apartheid?
  • Nelson Mandela
what organization did nelson mandela lead
What organization did Nelson Mandela lead?
  • The African National Congress or ANC
what type of organization was the anc
What type of organization was the ANC?
  • An organization committed to racial justice and equal rights for black South Africans
what did the clinton administration lift when apartheid ended
What did the Clinton administration lift, when apartheid ended?
  • Economic sanctions against South Africa
slide91
To condemn apartheid
  • To pressure the white South African government to repeal its racially discriminatory laws