getting around the great lakes state a brief history of transportation in michigan
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GETTING AROUND THE GREAT LAKES STATE: A BRIEF HISTORY OF TRANSPORTATION IN MICHIGAN

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GETTING AROUND THE GREAT LAKES STATE: A BRIEF HISTORY OF TRANSPORTATION IN MICHIGAN. Mike Unsworth [email protected] OUTLINE. Focus of the Talk Basics Types of Power Michigan Developments The Future Citizen Participation Wrap-Up Questions. Focus of the Talk: Ground Transport.

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Presentation Transcript
outline
OUTLINE

Focus of the Talk

Basics

Types of Power

Michigan Developments

The Future

Citizen Participation

Wrap-Up

Questions

basics
BASICS
  • Efficiencies of Various Types of Transport
  • Costs & Benefits: Greatest Good to the Greatest Number
  • Building & Maintaining Transportation Infrastructure Takes Time and Is Expensive
muscle currents power for transport1
MUSCLE- & CURRENTS- POWER FOR TRANSPORT
  • Grow most of the fuel and material
      • Greatly affected by weather & geography
      • Waste products are relatively minor & local
machine powered transport
MACHINE-POWEREDTRANSPORT
  • Fuel and materials extracted
  • Reduces impact of weather & geography
  • Waste products are major & widespread
roads are a local responsibility
Roads Are A Local Responsibility:
  • Expensive to build & maintain
  • Leased out to private businesses
  • Primitive
canal era 1825 present
CANAL ERA (1825-present)
  • Erie Canal (1825): easier access to the Mid-West
  • Wabash & Erie Canal (1832): delays statehood
  • Sault Locks (1855): opens up the U.P.’s natural resources
impact of steam engine water transport 1817
IMPACT OF STEAM ENGINE:WATER TRANSPORT (1817-
  • Speeds travel on existing routes
  • Relies on wood and coal, creating a demand for timber and linking Michigan into the national economy
impact of steam engine railroads 1836
IMPACT OF STEAM ENGINE:RAILROADS (1836- )
  • Brings large numbers of people into the interior
  • Expands commerce:
    • Agricultural
    • Mining
    • Manufacturing
  • Links communities
  • Privately run with much government help
bicycle craze 1880 1900
BICYCLE CRAZE (1880-1900)
  • Urban phenomenon
  • Sparked “Good Roads Movement. “
electric light rail or interurbans 1900 1930s
Electric light rail or “Interurbans”(1900-1930s)
  • Traveled within & between cities
  • Enables suburbanization
  • As with other forms of transit, not always welcome
motor vehicles incredibly convenient
Motor vehicles:Incredibly Convenient
  • Less costly than horses
  • Faster
  • Gets one out of the weather
  • Not chained to a transit company’s schedule
motor vehicles requires major investment for infrastructure
Motor Vehicles:Requires Major Investment for Infrastructure
    • Auto Backers Take Over “Good Roads Movement”
    • Responsibility for Roads Are Spread Over All Levels of Government:
  • Local: Property Taxes
  • State: Gas & Other Taxes. Sets standards and policies
  • Federal: Gas & Other Taxes. Sets standards and policies
motor vehicles convenience comes with costs
Motor Vehicles: ConvenienceComes With Costs
  • Fosters Urban Sprawl
  • Expensive and Hard to Maintain
  • Negative Impact on Health
what s next
WHAT’S NEXT?
  • Design & Rebuild Roads to Accommodate More Than Cars & Trucks: Include Pedestrians, Bikes, & Mass Transit
  • People Move to More Densely Populated Cities & Towns
your voice
YOUR VOICE
  • Our Democracy Functions When Citizens Participate
  • Decision-making Must Be Public:
    • Open Meetings Act
    • Freedom of Information Laws
wrap up
WRAP-UP
  • We Build Our Infrastructure & Then the Infrastructure Molds Us
  • Transportation Is Expensive. How We Pay for It Is the Big Question
ad