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Welcome to SEASON TWO SALT SALT Session 6 DEATH AND RESURRECTION “You seek Jesus of Nazareth, the crucified, He has been raised.” Mark 16:6 Welcome Gather Introductions Goals Text: to increase understanding of how Mark uses literary devices to proclaim the passion as good news

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welcome to season two

Welcome toSEASON TWO

SALT

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

salt session 6

SALT Session 6

DEATH ANDRESURRECTION

“You seek Jesus of Nazareth, the crucified, He has been raised.”Mark 16:6

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

welcome gather introductions
Welcome

Gather

Introductions

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

goals
Goals
  • Text: to increase understanding of how Mark uses literary devices to proclaim the passion as good news
  • Spiritual: to discover the spirituality that emerges from the Markan passion narrative
  • Action: to call students of Mark’s Gospel (followers of Jesus) to enter more fully into the Paschal Mystery.

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

leadership focus
Leadership Focus
  • The Power-full stage, continued
      • Concerns
        • How can we best preserve quiet time for prayer?
      • Tasks: Small Group, Hospitality, Prayer
      • Think about other groups you have experienced
        • What worked
        • What didn’t work
  • Facilitator / Recorder Tasks
      • 10 minute evaluation with facilitators/recorders

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

review session 5
Review Session 5
  • Discipleship as it is presented in Mark’s Gospel
  • Key images of:
    • Blindness/Sight
    • Journey
    • The Cross
  • Challenges presented in the model of the suffering servant

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

opening prayer

Opening Prayer

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

small group
Small Group

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

break
Break

10 Minutes

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

the gospel of mark
THE GOSPEL OF MARK

Jesus in Jerusalem

and

The Passion

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

structure of gospel part 2 la verdiere
Structure of Gospel (Part 2)(La Verdiere)

The Passion

The Conspiracy

14:1-11

Betrayal & Arrest

14:12-52

Trial & Condemnation

14:53-15:15

Torture & Death

15:16-41

Burial & Resurrection

15:42-16:8

Silence of the Women

16:8

Jesus in Jerusalem

Jesus Enters Jerusalem

11:1-11

Cursing of Fig Tree/Cleansing of Temple

11:12-25 (26)

Jesus Challenges Temple Authorities

11:27-12:44

Jesus & Destruction of Temple

13:1-37

Discipleship as Journey

Jesus Heals Blind

8:22-26

Who Is Jesus?

8:27-31

Passion Proclamation

8:31-10:52

Jesus Heals Blind

10:46-52

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

jesus in jerusalem literary technique of chiastic construction
Jesus in Jerusalem (Literary Technique of Chiastic Construction)
  • A (11:1-11) Mount of Olives and Messianic Entry into Jerusalem
  • B (11:12-26) Cleansing of Temple and Cursing of Fig Tree
  • B’ (13:1-2) Leaving the Temple and announcing its destruction
  • A’ (13:3-37) Mount of Olives and announcement of Son of Man in Glory all in three days

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

historical background jesus day
Historical Background-Jesus’ Day
  • Jews had special exemption from emperor worship and wanted to keep it.
  • Passover (the feast of liberation) was a time of pilgrimage to Jerusalem-crowded city.
  • Romans alert for charismatic leaders who would incite the crowds.
  • Jewish leadership worried about safety of their people if there were an uprising.
  • The Temple was the center of the world and hope for the Messiah centered on Temple

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

historical background mark s day
Historical Background-Mark’s Day
  • Christians of Jewish and gentile origin still affiliated with synagogue, studied Torah and writings.
  • Eucharist celebrated in house churches on the Lord’s day
  • Because of the changing nature of the Christian communities tensions grew between the groups.
  • Destruction of the temple in 70 and identity crisis among Jewish communities.
  • Ultimately, Christians thrown out of synagogue and subject to Roman persecution. See Revelation.

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

slide15

JESUS ENTERS JERUSALEM

Via Bethpage and Bethany on the Mount of Olives

Zechariah 9:9

Psalm 118

I Maccabees 13:47-52

Hosanna = joyous acclamation (grant salvation)

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

slide16

THE FIG TREE AND THE CLEANSING OF THE TEMPLE (Markan Sandwich Again)

The failure of the leadership to adequately pass on God’s message. Though abundant with “leaves” the faith was no longer bearing “fruit” to satisfy spiritual “hunger”.

The failure of the leadership to recognize Jesus

Cleansing of Temple associated with restoration of the kingship of Israel Jer 7:11 Isaiah 56:7

Back to fig tree (11:21) and sayings on faith & forgiveness and avoiding the fate of the fig tree

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

application the fig tree and the cleansing of the temple
Application: The Fig Tree and the Cleansing of the Temple
  • As disciples of Jesus are we life giving for others?
  • Are we welcoming and inclusive?
  • Is our “Temple” a house of prayer?
  • Do we worship with full, active and conscious participation?
  • Do we work on reconciling with others and with God?

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

five controversies interspersed with parables
FIVE CONTROVERSIES (interspersed with parables)
  • John the Baptist and where authority comes from.
  • The coin and the authority of State and of God
  • The Sadducees about resurrection
  • The Great Commandment
  • The Messiah as son of David.

(The Vineyard and the Widow’s Mite)

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

application the five controversies
Application:The Five Controversies
  • Jesus’ authority will always surpass that of “leaders” and we who follow Jesus are called to speak out when a leader abuses authority.
  • What authority do we have to act as disciples of Jesus?
  • The love & power of God surpasses all governments.
  • Be alert to someone who uses doctrine or scripture to trick, frighten, or further their own agenda.
  • The Great Commandment in Hebrew Bible- Deut.6:4-5, Lev.19:18

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

the parable of the vineyard
The Parable of the Vineyard

Farmer = God

Tenants = Religious Leaders

Vineyard = People of Israel

Servants = Prophets

Son = Jesus

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

the widow s mite
The Widow’s Mite
  • This is NOT an exhortation to give more money!
  • Condemnation of piety without substance
  • Warning against exploitation of the poor
  • Example of letting go of security to commit one’s life to God in trust.

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

back to the mount of olives prediction of destruction of temple the eschatological discourse
Back to the Mount of Olives: Prediction of Destruction of Temple The Eschatological Discourse
  • “eschatological” = concerning the “end times” or “the last things”
  • The Last Things = death, resurrection, judgment, reward and punishment, afterlife
  • Apocalyptic = a specific type of writing evident in the Old Testament and popular in the first century
  • Best example: The Book of Revelation

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

apocalyptic literature
Apocalyptic Literature
  • Written with an eye to the future about things happening in the present
  • Highly symbolic language complete with monsters, disasters and cosmic events
  • To imagine the unimaginable and to express the unexpressable
  • New Testament apocalyptic based on Old Testament imagery
  • Written to give hope in the midst of suffering and comfort in distress
  • To assure the reader that suffering will end and Good will triumph over Evil

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

jesus discourse
Jesus’ Discourse
  • 13:5-13 beware Jesus impersonators, great persecutions, natural disasters, family division. They are the “birth pangs” of a new way (a new season, a blooming fig tree).
  • 13.14-23 The Great Tribulation, the abomination of desolation (Antiochus and Caligula or any desecration)
  • 13:24-27 Cosmic Happenings, the vindication of the elect and the coming of the Son of Man (essential for the Day of the Lord)
  • 13:28-37 Have confidence in God’s plan, be vigilant, don’t be misled. We know not the day nor the hour.

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

jesus discourse25
Jesus’ Discourse
  • Images taken from Isaiah, Ezekiel, Joel.
  • To counter belief that the end was near. It is not the end but the beginning. However…
  • To assure believers that their suffering is not in vain.
  • To assure Mark’s people and all people that Jesus will prevail.

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

slide26

Application:

This life and all of its complexities and all of its problems in all of the ages is not meaningless. It is an opportunity to grow in faith, to serve the Lord, to help give birth to His Kingdom.

This life, no matter how difficult, can lead us to new life through Jesus and at some time, we know not when, we will be taken into the fullness of the Kingdom.

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

structure la verdiere
Structure(La Verdiere)

The Passion

The Conspiracy

14:1-11

Betrayal & Arrest

14:12-52

Trial & Condemnation

14:53-15:15

Torture & Death

15:16-41

Burial & Resurrection

15:42-16:8

Silence of the Women

16:8

Jesus in Jerusalem

Jesus Enters Jerusalem

11:1-11

Cursing of Fig Tree/Cleansing of Temple

11:12-25 (26)

Jesus Challenges Temple Authorities

11:27-12:44

Jesus & Destruction of Temple

13:1-37

Discipleship as Journey

Jesus Heals Blind

8:22-26

Who Is Jesus?

8:27-31

Passion Proclamation

8:31-10:52

Jesus Heals Blind

10:46-52

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

themes
Themes:
  • Devotion and Betrayal
  • Intertwining of Old and New
  • New Life/Resurrection

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

devotion and betrayal
Devotion and Betrayal
  • Woman who anoints Jesus vs Judas and the conspiracy
  • The crowds who welcome and the crowds who betray. Who is “the crowd”?
  • Jesus’ devotion and Peter’s denial
  • Simon, Joseph, the centurion and the women at the crucifixion and the disciples who abandon

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

intertwining of old and new
Intertwining of Old and New:
  • Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread; the Eucharist and Jesus’ broken body
  • Moses sprinkling the blood of the covenant (Ex24:5-8); the Eucharist and Jesus’ blood
  • Jesus’ identity with the righteous man who suffers and the suffering servant in Is 53:6-7, Psalm 22 (words from cross), Zechariah.
  • The tearing of the Temple veil removes any barriers to God through Jesus. Darkness see Amos 8:9.

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

new life resurrection
New Life/Resurrection:
  • The promise of eternal life through Jesus
  • A new life on earth through Jesus
  • New beginnings through repentance and reconciliation (Peter and the Disciples)
  • New life in the Eucharist
  • New life with one another as brothers and sisters in God’s human family

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

slide32

THE LAST (LORD”S) SUPPER

Take – Blessed – Broke – Gave - Said: The Institution of the Eucharist

Note: “I will go before you to Galilee”

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

slide33

THE AGONY IN THE GARDEN: UNITED WITH OUR SUFFERING

Connection to psalms of lamentation, unites Jesus’ agony with the agony of all who suffer.

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

slide34

THE TRIAL BEFORE THE SANHEDRIN

  • False Testimony – attempts to accuse Jesus of threatening to destroy Temple
  • High Priest tries to make Jesus testify against himself – he admits to being the son of the Blessed One
  • Condemnation of Jesus and mocking but at the second coming the positions of the accuser and the accused will be reversed
  • Of what was Jesus finally accused?

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

slide35

THE TRIAL BEFORE PILATE & DENIAL OF PETER

  • What was Jesus charged with?
  • Who had full legal responsibility for Jesus’ crucifixion?
  • Why does Mark make him sound so innocent?
  • Who reads the part of the crowds when the passion is read?

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

crucifixion death
Crucifixion & Death

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

burial and resurrection
Burial and Resurrection
  • Meaning for followers in Mark’s day and in ours – the significance of baptism- dying and rising with Christ -a daily challenge to which each recommits with Eucharist
  • Apologetic functions

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

the ending s
The Ending(s)
  • Mark’s powerful ending at 16:8 leaves us still thinking, still participating, sent back to where it all began.
  • Additions of the early Church give insights into the growing community, the development of Church doctrine.

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

slide39

Conclusion:

For Mark, Jesus was the son of God, the suffering servant of Yaweh:

We tend to find God in our lives in the good and beautiful and in his bounty to us: perhaps we can learn to find Him also there with us in our suffering and not only in the blessings we receive from Him but also in the blessings we bestow upon others.

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

slide40

We learn from the Disciples that no matter how deep our betrayal we may all begin again. Resurrection took place at sunrise on the first day, the day of creation and after resurrection Jesus returned to Galilee – back to the beginning. If you want a new beginning meet Jesus wherever you are. He will be waiting. Just follow where he leads….

Mark 1:1 The beginning of the Gospel of Jesus Christ the son of God

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

action
ACTION
  • Reflect on the challenges of
    • Entering more fully into the Paschal Mystery
  • Focus passages for next week:
    • Exodus 12; Mark 8:31-33, 9:30-32, 10:32-34; Romans 6:1-11; 1 Corinthians 15:1-11; 2 Corinthians 4:7-18; Philippians 2:5-11

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

closing prayer
CLOSING PRAYER

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship