The Third World An Overview What is the Third World? Mao’s theory – non-aligned nations Political theorist Hannah Arendt argues that "The Third World is not a reality but an ideology." Why significant? US: US needed open economies Controlling access to resources (oil!), markets, labour
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US sponsored a regional security pact (the Rio Treaty) and the formation of the OAS in 1948
Stressed non-intervention principles enshrined in both organisations’ charters
Permitted collective intervention from external threats
Traditional US determination to maintain economic and strategic sphere influenceLatin America