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Politics of the Third World. Third World countries. 5 most important issues. facing the Third World today poverty developing countries globalization weak state ethnicity environment. Why study the Third World?. Interdependence and globalization most of the world population area

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Presentation Transcript
5 most important issues
5 most important issues
  • facing the Third World today
    • poverty
      • developing countries
    • globalization
    • weak state
    • ethnicity
    • environment
why study the third world
Why study the Third World?
  • Interdependence and globalization
  • most of the world
    • population
    • area
  • most of the natural resources
    • raw materials and energy resources
    • Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
why study the third world5
Why study the Third World?
  • Western role in creating and sustaining some of the problems in the Third World
why study the third world6
Why study the Third World?
  • We ignore the Third World at our peril
millennium development goals
Millennium Development Goals
  • In 2000 the UN Millennium Declaration was adopted at the largest-ever gathering of heads of state
millennium development goals8
Millennium Development Goals
  • eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  • achieve universal primary education
  • promote gender equality
  • reduce child mortality
  • improve maternal health
  • combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, etc.
  • ensure environmental sustainability
  • global partnership for development
imperialism third world
Imperialism & Third World
  • European colonial expansion for 300 years
  • most colonies are independent after WWII
political legacies
political legacies
  • traditional polity and “modern” state
  • state boundaries drawn to suit colonizers
economic legacies
economic legacies
  • “dependency” theory
    • “core” vs. “periphery”
  • foreign trade structure
types of state
Types of state
  • strong states
  • weak states
    • multi-party democracies
    • single-party regimes
    • military regimes
    • personal dictatorships
  • failed states
levels of democracy
Levels of democracy
  • The “third wave of democratization”
state economic development
State & economic development
  • weaknesses in physical and human infrastructure
  • political instability harms investment and consumption
  • political allocation of scarce resources
  • weak and ineffective state institutions to implement economic policies
  • widespread corruption
international financial institution
International financial institution
  • The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank
    • headquarters in Washington D.C.
    • voting weight proportional to fund contribution
    • IMF loans are subject to conditionality
      • acceptance of structural adjustment (liberalization)
      • privatization
      • reduce inflation
      • cut debt
world trade organization
World Trade Organization
  • lower tariffs and ease other trade barriers