MUSIC OF THE MIDDLE EAST. Major Cultural Influences. Persian culture (Iran, speak Farsi, adheres to Shia interpretation of Islam; historic Persian Empire) Arabic culture (Saudi Arabia, Syria, Iraq Lebanon, Egypt, Kuwait; speak Arabic)
Arose in Arabia in 7th century; was unifying force among Arabic tribes. Arabic language and culture begin to absorb Persian.
ZARB / DONBAK
Persian miniature (Tabriz School, 13th cent.)
EXAMPLES OF PERSIAN ART FORMS
Dance music (esp. belly dance)
Traditional 19th century Iranian court musicians playing kamanche, dombak, dayere, tar, santour