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Mexican Libraries: An Overview* . Jesús Lau, Ph.D. jlau@uv.mx www.jesuslau.com Director, USBI VER Library, and Coordinator, UV Virtual Library Universidad Veracruzana /DGB Boca del Río, Veracruz, México www.uv.mx/usbi_ver www.uv.mx/bvirtual

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mexican libraries an overview

Mexican Libraries: An Overview*

Jesús Lau, Ph.D.

jlau@uv.mx

www.jesuslau.com

Director, USBI VER Library, and Coordinator, UV Virtual Library

Universidad Veracruzana /DGB

Boca del Río, Veracruz, México

www.uv.mx/usbi_ver

www.uv.mx/bvirtual

*The first version was presented at Transborder Library Forum, 2005

objectives topics
Objectives - Topics

Talk about institutions that shape Mexican libraries:

  • Library schools
  • Associations
  • Vendors
  • Serials
  • Conferences

Evaluate challenges and contributions

demographics
Demographics
  • 14th in geographical size
  • 7th in exports
  • 2nd trade partner of the US
  • Largest Spanish-speaking country
  • 2nd economy in Latin America
  • A middle income country
  • Literacy 93%
  • Ranks with some of the best libraries in Latin America
library historical dates 900 1700 s fern ndez de zamora 1988
Library Historical Dates: 900 – 1700´s(Fernández de Zamora, 1988)
  • 1400 Amoxcalli – Aztec codex (Amoxtli) libraries
  • 1511 First book to arrive in Mexico from Europe
  • 1539 First Printing press
  • 1555 First book published in Mexico - Alonso de Molina

Vocabulario en lengua castellana y mexicana

  • 1788 Opening of the first public library – Turriana Library
  • 1790 First Copyright law
  • 1790 Foundation of the National Achives - Archivo General de la Nación (Original name: Archivo General de la Nueva

España)

library historical dates 1800 1950
Library Historical Dates: 1800 - 1950
  • 1867 Decree to create the National Library – Biblioteca Nacional
  • 1882 National Institute of Statistics, Geography, and Informatics (Originally as Dirección Geografía y Estadística, DGE) – Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas, Geografía e Informática
  • 1921 First Department of Public Libraries, Ministry of Public Education - Dirección de Bibliotecas Populares
  • 1922 First public library building - Biblioteca Publica Cervantes
  • 1924/1954 Mexican Association of Librarians – Asociación Mexicana de Bibliotecarios, AC
  • 1945 National School of Library and Archive Sciences – Escuela Nacional de Biblioteconomía y Archivonomía
library historical dates 1950 1980
Library Historical Dates: 1950 - 1980
  • 1956 Opening of the UNAM Main Library Building - Biblioteca Central UNAM
  • 1957 First National Library Conference - Jornadas Mexicanas de Biblioteconomía, organized annually since 1974
  • 1970 Foundation National Council of Science and Technology

(An early funding body for special and university libraries) – Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología

  • 1972 Starts first library science Master´s Degree – UNAM
  • 1975 First academic library building of a technological institute –

IT Saltillo

  • 1979 Foundation of the National Association of Professional

Librarians - Colegio Nacional de Bibliotecarios, AC

  • 1978 First Mexican integral (mainframe) library system – LIBRUNAM, UNAM
library historical dates 1990 2000
Library Historical Dates: 1990 - 2000
  • 1983 First release of library software SIABUC (Most popular free library software in Latin America, Universidad de Colima
  • 1984 Foundation of the National Council for Academic Libraries – CONPAB-IES, Consejo Nacional de Asuntos Bibliotecarios de Instituciones de Educación Superior
  • 1986 First librarian to get a Ph.D (From the US) - Jaime Pontigo
  • 1999 UNAM Ph.D. Program opens - UNAM
  • 2003 Mexican Information Literacy Standards - UACJ
library statistics inegi 2008
Library Statistics (INEGI, 2008)

* INEGI 2008

**INEGI 2005

library education
Library Education
  • 10 Library and information science schools
      • 8 Undergraduate
      • 4 Master´s programs
      • 1 Ph.D
  • 2 Two distance programs (One is web based)
  • 1 Offers archives studies
library associations
Library Associations
  • AMBAC - Asociación Mexicana de Bibliotecarios, AC, 1924 www.ambac.org.mx
  • CNB - Colegio Nacional de Bibliotecarios, AC (CNB), 1979 www.cnb.org.mx
  • ASAR - Asociación de Administradores de Recursos Informativos, AC (Chihuahua), 1998 www.asar.org.mx
  • BIBAC - Asociación de Bibliotecarios en Biomedicina, AC, 1976 www.difusion.com.mx/proficsa/
library associations 2
Library Associations (2)
  • ABJ - Asociación Jalisciense de Bibliotecarios, AC (AJBAC), 1979 www.ajbac.org/
  • ANBAGRO - Asociación Nacional de Bibliotecarios Agropecuarios, AC, 1983
  • AMABPAC - Asociación Mexicana de Archivos y Bibliotecas Privados, AC, 1994 www.amabpac.org.mx/
  • Others: Nuevo León, Baja California, Michoacán, Sonora
library serials
Library Serials
  • Biblioteca Universitaria: Boletín informativo - Dirección General de Bibliotecas (UNAM)
  • Bibliotecas y Archivos (ENBA)
  • Información, producción, comunicación y servicios (Infoconsultores)
  • Investigación Bibliotecológica: archivonomía, bibliotecología e información (UNAM)
library serials 2
Library Serials (2)
  • Noticiero (AMBAC)
  • Memorias- Jornadas Mexicanas de Biblioteconomía (AMBAC)
  • Infobila – Bibliographic database (UNAM)
  • Other: Conference Proceedings
general library conferences
General Library Conferences
  • Jornadas Mexicanas de Biblioteconomía, AMBAC, 1957-
  • Coloquio Internacional de Bibliotecarios, FIL-UDG, 1993-
  • Reunión Celebración Biblioteca de Ciencia y Tecnología, IPN, 1999-
  • Reunión de bibliotecarios de la Península de Yucatán, UADY, 1994-
specialized library conferences
Specialized Library Conferences
  • Library Research
    • Coloquio Internacional de Investigación Bibliotecológica y de Información, CUIB, 1980-
  • Information Literacy
    • Encuentro sobre Desarrollo de Habilidades Informativas, UACJ, 1998- (Bi-annual)
  • Cooperation
    • Foro Transfronterizo de Bibliotecas, Host varies, 1990- (Bi-annual)
    • Amigos, UDLA, 2000- (Bi-annual)
specialized library conferences 2
Specialized Library Conferences (2)
  • Automation / IT
    • Interfaces, UCOL, 1983-
    • Enlínea@2004, ITESM-CM, 1998-
  • Academic Libraries
    • Conferencia Internacional sobre Bibliotecas Universitarias, UNAM, 2000-
    • Reunión Anual (de bibliotecas académicas), CONPAB, 1984-
  • Management
    • Coloquio sobre Capital humano y Liderazgo en Bibliotecas, UV, 2003-
main international vendors
Main International Vendors
  • Brodart
  • CSA
  • EBSCO México
  • Elsevier
  • Grupo Difusión Científica (Thompson)
  • Infoconsultores
  • Infoestratégica (Dialog, EIU, BL)
  • Información Científica Internacional (ICI)
  • ISI Emerging Markets
  • Infolatina
  • Proquest
  • OCLC
  • Swets Information Services
mexican library software companies
Mexican Library Software Companies

Companies

Janium Technology (Janium)

Sistemas Lógicos (Logicat)

Universidad de Colima (SIABUC)

Strengths and comments

  • Strong library software presence of Mexico in Latin America
  • Need to keep abreast of users´ needs
publishing
Publishing

Strengths:

  • Most big book publishers operate in country
  • Mexico is a leader in book printing in LA
  • Children´s literature has a good output

Comments:

  • Bookstores are scarce, aproximate figures of all book outlets is 500
serial repository redalyc http redalyc uaemex mx 2008
Serial Repository – REDALyC(http://redalyc.uaemex.mx/, 2008)
  • Major open access multidisciplinary journal repository
  • 543………….Full-text journals
  • 96,427………Articles
  • 70,000 ………Daily articles download
book fairs
Book Fairs
  • Feria Internacional del Libro de Guadalajara (November)
  • Feria del Libro de Minería (México City, March)
  • Feria del Libro Infantil (November, México City)
  • Feria Internacional del Libro Universitario (Veracruz, September)
  • Fería del Libro de la Ciudad de Monterrey (September)
  • Several smaller book fairs take place in major cities
books vendors
Books Vendors
  • CSI
  • Blackwells
  • Educomsa
  • GlobalBook
  • Grupo Difusión Científica
  • Nye Omicron
  • Somohano Express
  • YBP
transborder cooperation relevant to mexico
Transborder CooperationRelevant to Mexico
  • Library training
  • Visiting professors to library schools
  • Conference attendance
  • Speaking at conferences
  • Web information exchange
  • Librarians visits and stays
  • Translation of library materiales/publications
transborder cooperation relevant to mexico 2
Transborder CooperationRelevant to Mexico (2)
  • Exhibiting in Mexican conferences
  • Join library association membership
  • Collaborative preservation of special collections
  • Exchange of best library practices
  • Joint digital proyects, joint borrowing agreements
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Important to know our Northern neighbours, it paves the way to cooperation
  • Mexican library scene is shaped on North American practices
  • Libraries date back to several centuries
  • Good library development in recent decades
conclusions 2
Conclusions (2)
  • Current library challenges are: budgets, visibility, management and technology
  • Mexican library market is still small
  • There are opportunities for collaboration across borders
  • Cooperation is permeated by organization culture, and socio-economic development
references
References
  • Fernández de Zamora, Rosa María. “Cronología bibliotecaria mexicana 1900 – 1988”. En: Investigación bibliotecológica: archivonomía, bibliotecología e información, vol. 2, (3), 1987.
  • Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática - INEGI [Accessed June 26, 2008]. www.inegi.gob.mx/inegi/default.aspx?s=est&c=2393
  • Lau, Jesús. Directorio bibliotecológico México [Accessed June 26, 2008], www.jesuslau.com