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Injuries. http://utpo.lf1.cuni.cz firstaid.lf1@gmail.cz (password: firstaid) jana.heczkova@ftn.cz Charles University in Prague, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Theory and Practice of Nursing. SHOCK. Mechanism Heart  Pump failure Blood vessels  Pipe failure Blood  Fluid loss.

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injuries

Injuries

http://utpo.lf1.cuni.cz

firstaid.lf1@gmail.cz (password: firstaid)

jana.heczkova@ftn.cz

Charles University in Prague, 1st Faculty of Medicine,

Institute of Theory and Practice of Nursing

shock
SHOCK
  • Mechanism
    • Heart Pump failure
    • Blood vessels Pipe failure
    • Blood Fluid loss
  • Causes
    • Bleeding
    • Burns
    • Head and spine injuries
    • Chest, abdominal and pelvic injuries
    • Heart attack
    • Asthma
    • Poisoning
shock1
SHOCK
  • Initially:
    • Rapid pulse
    • Rapid breathing
    • Pale, cold, clammy skin, lips and nail beds
    • Sweating
  • As shock develops:
    • Grey-blue skin (cyanosis), especially inside the lips
    • Weakness and dizziness
    • Nausea and possibly vomiting
    • Thirst
    • Breathing is shallow
    • Weakthready pulse
  • As the brain‘s oxygen supply weakens:
    • Altered mental status
    • Restlessness and aggressiveness
    • Gasping for air
    • Unconsciousness
  • Mechanism
  • Signs
shock2
SHOCK
  • ABCDE
  • Treat Cause
  • Treatforshock
    • Position
    • Prevent body heat loss
  • Mechanism
  • Signs
  • First aid interventions
bleeding
BLEEDING

newborn baby 5 year 10 year 15 year adult

Blood700 1400 2000 3800 5000

volume (ml)

20%140 280 400 760 1000

bleeding1
BLEEDING
  • External bleeding
  • Internal bleeding
  • Bleeding from body opening
  • Haemorrhage
  • Arterial
  • Venous
  • Capillary
bleeding2
BLEEDING
  • External bleeding
  • Internal bleeding
  • Bleeding from body opening
  • Gloves
  • Expose wound
  • Direct pressure
bleeding3
BLEEDING
  • External bleeding
  • Internal bleeding
  • Bleeding from body opening
  • Gloves
  • Expose wound
  • Direct pressure
  • Elevation
bleeding4
BLEEDING
  • External bleeding
  • Internal bleeding
  • Bleeding from body opening
  • Gloves
  • Expose wound
  • Direct pressure
  • Elevation
  • Pressure bandage
bleeding5
BLEEDING
  • External bleeding
  • Internal bleeding
  • Bleeding from body opening
  • Gloves
  • Expose wound
  • Direct pressure
  • Elevation
  • Pressure bandage
  • Pressure point
bleeding6
BLEEDING
  • External bleeding
  • Internal bleeding
  • Bleeding from body opening
  • Gloves
  • Expose wound
  • Direct pressure
  • Elevation
  • Pressure bandage
  • Pressure point
  • Tourniquet
bleeding7
BLEEDING
  • External bleeding
  • Internal bleeding
  • Bleeding from body opening
  • Gloves
  • Expose wound
  • Direct pressure
  • Elevation
  • Pressure bandage
  • Pressure point
  • Tourniquet
  • Amputation
bleeding8
BLEEDING
  • External bleeding
  • Internal bleeding
  • Bleeding from body opening
  • First Aid Interventions
  • ABCDE
  • Treat forshock
    • Position
    • Prevent body heat loss
burns
BURNS
  • Thermal
  • Chemical
  • Electrical
burns1
BURNS
  • Thermal
  • Chemical
  • Electrical
  • First degree
  • Second degree
  • Third degree
  • Risk
  • Severity
burns2
BURNS
  • Thermal
  • Chemical
  • Electrical
  • First degree (superficial)
  • Second degree
  • Third degree
burns3
BURNS
  • Thermal
  • Chemical
  • Electrical
  • First degree (superficial)
  • Second degree (partial-thickness)
  • Third degree (full-thickness)
burns4
BURNS
  • Thermal
  • Chemical
  • Electrical
  • First degree (superficial)
  • Second degree (partial-thickness)
  • Third degree (full-thickness)
burns5
BURNS
  • Thermal
  • Chemical
  • Electrical
  • First degree (superficial)
  • Second degree (partial-thickness)
  • Third degree (full-thickness)
  • Risk
  • Severity
burns6
BURNS
  • Thermal
  • Chemical
  • Electrical
  • First Aid Interventions
  • Stop burning
  • ABCDE
  • Treat Cause
    • Cooling
    • Dressing
  • Treat for shock
    • Position
    • Prevent body heat loss
burns7
BURNS
  • Thermal
  • Chemical
  • Electrical
  • First Aid Interventions
  • ABCDE
  • Treat Cause
    • Remove chemicals
    • Dressing
  • Treat for shock
    • Position
    • Prevent body heat loss
burns8
BURNS
  • Thermal
  • Chemical
  • Electrical
  • First Aid Interventions
  • Safety!!!
  • Assess - CPR
  • Treat Cause
    • Cooling
    • Dressing
  • Treat for shock
    • Position
    • Prevent body heat loss
  • Risk
  • VF cardiac arrest
  • Respiratory arrest
  • Muscle spasm
head injuries
HEAD INJURIES
  • Wounds
  • Fractures
  • Brain injuries
head injuries1
HEAD INJURIES
  • Wounds
  • Fractures
  • Brain injuries
  • Scalp
  • Facial
head injuries2
HEAD INJURIES
  • Wounds
  • Fractures
  • Brain injuries
  • Cranium
  • Base
head injuries3
HEAD INJURIES
  • Wounds
  • Fractures
  • Brain injuries
  • Concussion
  • Contusion
  • Compression
  • First Aid Interventions
  • Assess - CPR
  • Treat forshock
    • Position
    • Prevent body heat loss
spinal injuries
SPINAL INJURIES
  • Responsive victim
  • Unresponsive victim
  • First Aid Interventions
    • ABCDE
    • Avoid unnecessary movement
    • Treat for shock
chest injuries
CHEST INJURIES
  • Injuries to the chest wall
      • Open
      • Closed
  • Lung injury
chest injuries1
CHEST INJURIES
  • Rib fracture
  • Flail chest
  • First Aid Interventions
  • ABCDE
  • Treat Cause
    • Support chest wall
  • Treat for shock
chest injuries2
CHEST INJURIES
  • Hemothorax
  • Pneumothorax
    • First Aid Interventions
    • ABCDE
    • Treat Cause
      • Sealthewound
    • Treat for shock
      • Position
abdominal injuries
ABDOMINAL INJURIES
  • Closed injuries
  • Open injuries
abdominal injuries1
ABDOMINAL INJURIES
  • Closed injuries
  • Open injuries
    • First Aid Interventions
    • ABCDE
    • Treat for shock
  • Blow to the abdomen
abdominal injuries2
ABDOMINAL INJURIES
  • Closed injuries
  • Open injuries
    • Penetrating wound
    • Protruding organs
    • First Aid Interventions
  • ABCDE
    • Treat Cause
      • dressing
  • Treat for shock
bone joint muscle injuries and open wounds
BONE, JOINT, MUSCLE INJURIESAND OPEN WOUNDS
  • Fractures
  • Dislocations
  • Sprains
  • Strains
  • Open wounds
bone joint muscle injuries and open wounds1
BONE, JOINT, MUSCLE INJURIESAND OPEN WOUNDS
  • Signs
  • DOTS
    • Deformity
    • Open wounds
    • Tenderness
    • Swelling
bone joint muscle injuries and open wounds2
BONE, JOINT, MUSCLE INJURIESAND OPEN WOUNDS
  • Signs
  • CSM
    • Circulation
    • Sensation
    • Movement
bone joint muscle injuries and open wounds3
BONE, JOINT, MUSCLE INJURIESAND OPEN WOUNDS
  • First Aid Interventions
      • Rest
      • Ice
      • Compression
      • Elevation
resources
RESOURCES
  • National Safety Council; FIRST AID AND CPR.
  • Chapleau, W., Pons, P. (2007) EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIAN. St. Louis: Elsevier
  • Caroline, N. (2007) EMERGENCY CARE IN THE STREET. 6th ed. London: Jones and Bartlett
  • http://www.orthonurse.org/portals/0/spine%20trauma.pdf
  • http://www.itim.nsw.gov.au/index.cfm?objectid=B87D2A77-1321-1C29-70E6185019A27B4E