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In Search of the Killer App: The Internet2 Experience Douglas E. Van Houweling President & CEO 24 April 2003 Disruptive Innovation, Higher Education, IBM & the Internet NSFNet -> Internet2 NSFNet/Merit partnership – NSF, IBM, MCI, Michigan

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In Search of the Killer App:The Internet2 Experience

Douglas E. Van Houweling

President & CEO

24 April 2003

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Disruptive Innovation, Higher Education, IBM & the Internet

  • NSFNet -> Internet2

    • NSFNet/Merit partnership – NSF, IBM, MCI, Michigan

      • IBM Research designed and built the core routers – by 1993 had the best technology in the world

      • IBM also sold a proprietary network – SNA

    • November 1993 Westfields meeting

      • Introduce Lou Gerstner to the higher ed community

      • NSFNet panel

      • IBM decision not to productize Internet routers

      • Cisco did not have a backbone networking product

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Internet2 Mission

  • Develop and deploy advanced network applications and technologies, accelerating the creation of tomorrow’s Internet.

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Internet2 Goals

  • Enable new generation of applications

  • Re-create leading edge R&E network capability

  • Transfer technology and experience to the global production Internet

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Internet2 Partnerships

  • Internet2 is recreating the partnerships that fostered the Internet in its infancy

    • Industry

    • Government

    • International

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Internet2 Universities202 University Members, April 2003

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Additional Participation

  • Over 50 Internet2 Corporate Members

  • Over 30 Affiliate Members

  • Over 30 International Partners

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Internet Development Spiral





Research and



Source: Ivan Moura Campos

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Download of “The Matrix” DVD(Comparison of the Internet2 Land Speed Record)

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Abilene Network BackboneCore Map, March 2003

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What is Advanced Broadband?

  • Multi-megabit in both directions

    • Well beyond today’s 300 kbps

  • Always on and always available

    • Home, work, traveling

  • Services rich

    • Multicast, IPv6, measurement & monitoring

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Advanced Broadband in Action

  • Education

  • Large Companies

  • Small and Medium Enterprises

  • The Home

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Education: Media Distribution

  • University-owned PBS stations working on new models of interconnection

University of Washington

Washington State University

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Education: Media Distribution

USC’s Robert Zemeckis Center for the Digital Arts

Super high definition video across Internet2


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Education: Collaboration

  • Space Physics and Aeronomy Research Collaboratory

  • “Better than being there”

  • Enriches education of next generation of scientists

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Education: K-20

  • Neptune: A planned “ocean observatory”

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Education: Health Care Simulations

  • California Orthopaedic Research Network

  • Expanding nationally and internationally

  • Focused on training

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Real-time Collaboration

  • You can be everywhere no matter how large or small your enterprise

Duke University

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Corporations: Data Mining



  • Getting data from disparate sources

  • Real-time and interactive

  • Increase the information flow from customer experiences




Data sets


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Corporations: Strategic Advantage

  • Increased productivity

    • Real-time analysis, discovery, dialogue

  • Enabling new business processes

    • Not just “doing things faster”

  • Strengthen partnerships with universities

  • Leverage and scale global capacity

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Challenges: Infrastructures & Performance

100 mbps


  • The need for infrastructure

  • End-to-End Performance --- realizing the benefit of the advanced infrastructure

HBS (Boston)

1 gbps

NoX GigaPoP

2.4 gbps

Abilene NYC Router

10 gbps

Abilene DC Router

10 gbps

Abilene Atlanta Router

622 mbps

Ampath GigaPoP

45 mbps

NWS (Miami)

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  • Cyberinfrastructure built on federated enterprises

    • Security

    • Privacy

    • Trust

  • Answer: Middleware

    • Industry consensus through alliances

    • Internet2 providing key technology in security and privacy space

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Federated Enterprises

Federated trust, privacy, security

Enterprise A

Enterprise B

Enterprise C

Enterprise D

Local authentication

User attribute control

Universal access


Login Locally, Access Globally

User Interface


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Challenge: Building a System


End-to-end Performance







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Challenge: Last Mile

  • Vision: Gigabit to the home and small businesses

  • Why?

    • End user is the innovator

    • Personal publishing

    • Equal access for all

  • How?

    • Community investment

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  • Community fiber projects,

    • California: “One Gigabit or Bust”

    • UTOPIA (Utah Telecommunications Open Infrastructure Agancy) – FTTH project in Utah

  • Trends in customer-owned fiber

    • Corporate infrastructure

    • Higher education community

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  • What should we be doing?

    • Living in the future, being early adopters

    • Cooperation in middleware

    • Facilitate knowledge and technology transfer

    • Where does the high performance Internet reside in the disruptive technology space?

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More Internet2 Information