federal and unitary systems of government l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Federal and Unitary Systems of Government PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Federal and Unitary Systems of Government

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

Federal and Unitary Systems of Government - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 2160 Views
  • Uploaded on

Federal and Unitary Systems of Government. A2 Comparative Government and Politics Taylor Carey. Aims. To COMPARE and CONTRAST federal and unitary systems of government in CONSTITUTIONAL TERMS To assess the strengths and weaknesses of Federalism and Nationalism

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Federal and Unitary Systems of Government' - sandra_john


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
federal and unitary systems of government

Federal and Unitary Systems of Government

A2 Comparative Government and Politics

Taylor Carey

slide2
Aims
  • To COMPARE and CONTRAST federal and unitary systems of government in CONSTITUTIONAL TERMS
  • To assess the strengths and weaknesses of Federalism and Nationalism
  • To COMPARE and CONTRAST systems of government in the USA and the UK
introduction
Introduction
  • Constitution Lecture
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zMc6_EDwW7E
federal and unitary systems
Federal and unitary systems

KEY DEFINITIONS

  • FEDERALISM: the theory of government by which political power is divided between a national government and state governments, each having their own area of substantive jurisdiction. Key principles include DECENTRALISATION, wherein governmental and political power is vested not only in the federal government, but also in the state government.
federal and unitary systems5
Federal and unitary systems
  • NATIONALISM (UNITARY GOVERNMENT): the theory of government wherein power is reserved for central government. Although certain powers may be devolved, central government remains more powerful.
constitutional significance
Constitutional significance
  • FEDERAL GOVERNMENT:
    • The constitution divides powers between state and national government.
      • Enumerated powers of states/federal government (Amendment X, 1791)
      • The constitution specifies the limits of these powers
      • This establishes a federal/state relationship
constitutional significance7
Constitutional significance
  • FEDERAL/STATE RELATIONSHIP
    • This is a dynamic relationship, relying on political context and contributing factors:
      • Historical events: westward expansion, population growth, industrialisation, improvements in communication, the Great Depression. Foreign policy events (e.g. WWII)
      • Supreme court interpretation (1937-1980 strengthening of federal power)
      • Constitutional amendments (e.g. XIVth amendment, XVIth amendment)
    • US has gone through different phases of federalism (Dual, Cooperative and New)
constitutional significance8
Constitutional significance
  • UNITARY GOVERNMENT:
    • The constitution vests ultimate power in central government (though devolution can occur, e.g. UK, devolved branches of government).
    • UK does not have a written constitution – does this strengthen the power of the national government?
comparison federal and unitary systems
Comparison: Federal and Unitary systems
  • A comparison of the US and UK constitutions...
pros and cons
Pros and cons
  • FEDERALISM
pros and cons12
Pros and cons
  • Nationalism