Dreyfus Model of Skill Acquisition. Craig McClure, MD EOSG University of Arizona March 2005. “To become competent you must feel bad” Hubert Dreyfus. Activities Studied. Airplane pilots, Chess players, Automobile drivers, Adult learners of a second language. Five Stages. Novice
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The expert uses rules and explicit decision-making.
Novice:follows rules and does not feel responsible for outcomes.
recognizes new situations in which the rules may be applied. Still does not feel responsible.
Follows rules, applies an organizing “perspective” to determine what elements of the problem are relevant and feels accountable because of decision-making
The proficient learner uses pattern recognition arising from extensive experience to identify the problem (“what” is happening”) and rules and analysis in formulating the “how” of the solution. A sense of responsibility follows the decision-making.
immediately sees “what” is happening and “how” to approach the situation. Pattern recognition extends to management plan as well as diagnosis.
The utility of the concept of skill acquisition lies in helping the teacher understand how to assist the learner in advancing to the next level.