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Definitions of “Queer Theory“. The term “QUEER“.

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the term queer
The term “QUEER“
  • The process of ascribing new, positive meaning to the word “ queer,“ though, has to be seen within the context of the ever-changing terminology that same-sex sexual communities use to describe themselves. In general terms, we have moved from the “homosexuals“ of the first half of the twentieth century to a small number of “homophiles“ in the 1950s: from “gay liberation“ in the early seventies to the lesbian and gay movements of the mid-eighties and early nineties to contemporary lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender or “queer“ activism. These changes reflect the dynamic nature of both sexuality and the political organizing that has developed around it.

(Introduction to Queer Studies. Ed. Brett Beemyn and Mickey Eliason 5)

  • GLBT (Gay-Lesbian-Bi-Transsexuals/-genders
teresa de lauretis queer theory in differences 1991
Teresa de Lauretis. „Queer Theory“ in differences 1991
  • ...the terms „lesbian“ and „gay“ designate distinct kinds of life-styles, sexualities, sexual practices, communities, issues, publications, and discourses; on the other hand the phrase „gay and lesbian“ or, more and more frequently, „lesbian and gay“ (ladies first), has become standard currency. ... In a sense, the term „Queer Theory“ was arrived at in the effort to avoid all of these fine distinctions in our discursive protocols, not to adhere to any one of the given terms, not to assume their ideological liabilities but instead to both transgress and transcend them—or at the very least to problematize them.
annamarie jagose queer theory an introduction
Annamarie Jagose, Queer Theory: An Introduction
  • Broadly speaking, queer describes those gestures or analytical models which dramatise incoherences in the allegedly stable relations between chromosomal sex, gender and sexual desire. Resisting that model of stability—which claims heterosexuality as its origin, when it is more properly its effects—queer focuses on mismatches between sex, gender and desire. (p. 3)
slide7
Rosemary Hennessy: „Queer Theory: A Review of the differences Special Issue and Wittig‘s The Straight Mind.“ Signs 18 (1993)
  • Queer theory calls into question obvious categories (man, woman, latina, Jew, butch, femme), oppositions (man vs. woman, heterosexual vs. homosexual), or equations (gender = sex) upon which conventional notions of sexuality and identity rely.(964)
slide8
Nina Degele „Heteronormativität entselbstverständlichen“ in Queering Gender-Queering Society. FreiburgerFrauenstudien 17 (2005)
  • [Die Queer Studies] wollen keine „normale“ wissenschaftliche Disziplin sein, sondern vielmehr die etablierte gesellschaftliche Ordnung als zweigeschlechtlich und heterosexuell organisierte Zwangsveranstaltung auf den Kopf stellen—mit wissenschaftlichen Mitteln….

Wissensprodukte, Organisationsprinzipien und Institutionen entlarven und sezieren queere DenkerInnen mit viel Kreativität und Fleiß als „heteronormativ“. (p. 15)

lauren berlant and michael warner sex in public
Lauren Berlant and Michael Warner: “Sex in Public”
  • Heteronormativity refers to:

“the institutions, structures of understanding, and practical orientation that make heterosexuality not only coherent—that is, organised as a sexuality—but also privileged” (565, note 2)