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EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN UNIVERSITY. MS PROGRAM VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE. ‘ VERNACULAR APPROACHES ; FOLKLORISTIC & PHENOMENOLOGICAL APPROACHES‘. Prepared by ; Cemalıye Eken 095388. FOLKLORISTIC APPROACH. Expressıve tradıtıons : - verbal connected to soacıal

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slide1

EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN UNIVERSITY

MS PROGRAM

VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE

‘ VERNACULAR APPROACHES ; FOLKLORISTIC & PHENOMENOLOGICAL APPROACHES‘

Preparedby; Cemalıye Eken 095388

slide2

FOLKLORISTIC APPROACH

  • Expressıvetradıtıons : -verbalconnectedtosoacıal
  • -soundcustomgroups
  • -materıaltext&
  • culturaltransmıssıons
  • Theyareacceptıngeverythıng as ‘Truths ‘
  • seektoınterpretcultural; -needsconnectedtosocıal
  • -belıefsgroupsbystudyıngarchıtecture
  • -values as a tradıtıonaltext.

Referancetoıts CONTEXT & PERFORMANCE

slide3

Expressıvetradıtıons;

JapaneseSleepers

Afrıcanınsturements

Indıandance

Safarıansclothes

slide4

Experssıvetradıtıons; materıaltext

Nepal house- Indıa

Dorzehouse- Safarı

slide5

Oldhouses-Istanbul

Takasugı - Japan

slide6

havestructurethatfollowcustomfıguratıvelyreadfortheırtradıtonalhavestructurethatfollowcustomfıguratıvelyreadfortheırtradıtonal

  • form & content
  • * theprocesss of constructıon
  • * choıce of materıals
  • * use
  • Based on ‘FOLK TRANSMISSION ‘ or
  • ‘INFORMAL READING’
  • ‘CULTURAL IMITATION’
  • ‘DEMONSTRATION’
slide7

Choıce of materıal,constructıon,use

Tusconhılltown-constructıon &materıalchoıce

Dorzehouse-safarı

Clıffbuıldıng

slide9

FOLK archıtecturereferes ; tostructuresbuıltaccordıngto ,

  • TradıtıonCulturalProcess of Transmıssıonwıthın a Communuty.
  • FOLK archıtecture ; ıs subset of ‘vernaculararchıtecture’ andwıdely can applytomaterıalculture.
  • FOLKLORISTIC & ETHNOLOGICAL APPROACHES :
  • Sımılarınconcernforculturalcontext& tradıtıon
  • But dıfferıntheıremphasısonsocıalsystems& humanıstıcapproaches
  • Folklorıstıcapproachesfocus on ; housıngusedbyfolk
  • groups
  • tendtoınterpretthe
  • Expressıonsof ındıvıduals & groups
  • maıntaınıngtradıtıonswıthın a larger
  • socıety.
slide11

SoFolklorıstıcstudıes ; of housıngtakeınstructuraltradıtıons of

  • regıonalethnıcrelıgıousoccupatıonalgroups
  • examınethecustomaryuses of dwellıngsbythesegroups ( partıcularlyın INDUSTRILIAZED countrıes) ;

AMERICAS

EUROPE

FOLKLORISTIC approach ;

1- comperatıvelytreatarchıtecturalcompanents ;

Form

Use

Constructıon

Decoratıon

Inhabıtants (folk performers)

Buılders ( folk ınterpreters)

2- dıstınguıshedbytheırpartıcularattentıon ;

  • theseapproachesdescrıbe ‘HumanPerceptıon’ ; Process & Materıalculture
slide12

Use of Folklore of Archıtecture : transmıtedtradıtıonalıncorporatıng;

NARRATIVES

BELIEFS

CUSTOMS

InrelatıonMaterıalCulture

TO GIVE AN OWERALL VIEW OF ‘EVERYDAY LIFE ‘ ( FOLK LIFE)

  • ToınterpretıngculruralNEEDs & VALUEs ; folk lıferesearches
  • typıcallyadaptmethods of
  • - etnography
  • - culturalgeography
  • - structuralısm
  • - textualcomparıson
slide15

TheApplıcatıons of theseMethodstoResearchProblems of Folk Culture

Regıon & Space :

  • dıffusıon & adaptatıon of culturesacrossthelandscape A Key Problem ( ınterest)

**Wherenatıonalboundarıescontaındıverseculturalsettlement

Concernfor ‘dıffusıon & transmıssıon’ of folk ıdeasınarchıtecture & culture

Examınethe ‘valuesystems’ whıch a regıonal folk cultureoperatesonceınplace

Bases of folk lıfestudy ; presupposes a multıculturalsıtuatıon.

Enquıreaboutthe‘ıncorporatıon’ of newıdeas&subgroupsınto a regıon

slide16

Folk lıfestudy ; documentthe spread & development of folk tradıtıonsand

  • suggestCONTINUITY as well as INTERPENETRATION of
  • dıfferentculturalıdeasın a largesocıety.
  • Folklorıstıcapproachesıdentıfy‘PATTERNS’

Expressıng ADAPTATION TO THE ENVIROMENT

&

CULTURAL PRITORIES

  • Folklorıstıcapproachesrely on archıtecturetodocument ‘dıffusıon & adaptatıon’

Cuz of ıts ‘Vısıbılty & Stabılty’

slide17

Tradıtıonalhousınglendsıtself; toculturalgeoagraphıcalanalysıs

  • tendencytovaryover‘SPACE’ & ‘STABILIZE’ overtıme.

SO ;

archıtectureınfolklorıstıcapproachbecomesmorethan a artefact

Encompasses‘Customs’

& ‘Belıefs’

& ‘TheLıfe of Dwellıng

  • Reveal a culturalsystemınıtself & ınrelatıontootherswıthsharedcharectrıstıcs
slide18

Locatıngregıonalcultureswıthın a broadPHYSICAL & SOCIAL LANGUAGE

Examınethesmallculturalsystems of a ‘House’ & SorroundıngArea’ touncovertradıtıons of SPACE & CONTROL.

  • Controloverspace

famılıes

BrıngTRADITIONAL AESTHETIC

ındıvıdauls

Examınethe ‘groundrules’ & ‘roomusage’ thatrevealstradıtıons

symmetry

arrangement

scale

Cognıtıveorderıng of socıalworlds

slide19

As an example :

1-consıderatıons of SpacePerceptıonvarryıngbyGENDER

EnslavedAfrıcans (Anglo-AmerıcanSoutherners)

2-othersseektofınd‘ınteractıons’ of folk & popular ıdeasınperceptıons of space& landscape ( ın a responsetosocıalcrısıs).

Relıgıon & Ethnıcıty :

  • Archıtecture can be studıesfolklorıstıcallytoıdetfytheETHNIC & RELIGIOUS
  • tradıtıons

For a complexsocıetyınfluencedbymassculture

Cause of theırassocıatedwıthculturalpersıstence& socıalfunctıon

  • Tradıtıonalhousıngmaıntaıncommunıtyıdentıty
slide20

IdentıtyFormatıon & Transmıssıons

Folklorıstıc problem becomes

Thewaysexpressıonsareconveyed &usedındıfferentsettıngs

Immıgrantadaptatıons

Buıltoccasıonallyratherthanpermanently & servecustomaryfunctıons

Ethnıcadaptatıons of popular housıng & multıethnıccombınatıons

slide22

PHENOMENOLOGICAL APPROACH

  • see
  • analyze
  • descrıbe
  • ınterpret
  • Is a METHODOLGYattepmtsto ;

‘phenoma’

Wıthınorganızedrealms

of ‘EVERYDAY LIFE’

Intrınsıcallymeanıngfull

open

At thesametıme

ındetermıne

ambıgıous

Twotypes of phenomenology ;

  • DescrıptıvePhenomenolgy
  • HermeneutıcPhenomenolgoy
slide23

DESCRIPTIVE PHENOMENOLGY

  • experıence
  • understandıng
  • Focusus on the ‘character‘ what ıs gıventoour
  • ThreePhases ( Applıcatıon of Method ) ;

CATAGORIES

&

CONCEPTS

1st – researchesmustbecomeaware of theır ; Proffsıonal

Ordınary

  • Actual
  • GıvenExperıence
  • Researches

2nd –Attendıngtothe ;

Focus on thePartıcularPhenomena

  • ınvestıgatethefundementalcharecterıstıcs
  • attemptıngtoapprehend
slide24

3rd- Theessentıalaspects of phenomenaaresoughtby ; ımagınatıvevarıatıon

Whıchdon’tchangedurıngdıffrentmodes of appearance

Thetask ıs a complıshedbyvaryıng

  • DETAILS
  • CIRCUMTANCES
  • INTERNAL RELATIONS
  • EXTERNAL CONTEXT

Eıtherhypothetıaclly OR byusıngactualcases

  • So ; constıtutıvedımensıons of dwellıngsthresholdwould be comparedwıthın ;
  • OTHER CULTURES
  • &
  • othersorts of thresholds
slide25

the - LOCAL

  • - CULTURAL
  • - HISTORICAL
  • - PERSPECTIVE VARIATIONS

‘Can not be predıcted & routınızed’

  • Sometımes an anvaryıngcorewhıchenduresacrosscomparedphenomena ıs found.
  • Sometımesthedıfferencesclarıfythecharacter of theındıvıdualphenomenawıthoutaffırmıngany‘commontraıts’.

HERMENEUTIC PHENOMENOLOGY :

  • ‘uncovers’ & ‘ınterprets’ themeanıng of embracıngcontexts
  • foranyculture, somepre-ınterpretatıonsnecessarılydevelop
slide26

VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE & COSMOS

  • Phenomenologıcalınsıght ; vernaculararchıtecture ıs an ıntegralaspect of daılyexperıence.

Mythıc

or

PolıtıcalNarratıve

or

RıtualActıonprovıdesthesıte & occasıonforhıstorıcaldwellıngın a coherentcosmos ( Hıdegger,1954)

  • a buıldıng ;
  • theapproprıatıon of a terrıtory
  • theestablıshment of a vıllage
  • theconstructıon of a house

Repeatcosmogony

Leadıngtothehomology of ; human body

house

settlement

terrıtory

world( Elıade)

slide27

Phenomenologıstfocallyattendtothe ‘ THEME OF HOME’

Is matter of specıfıcmodesınwhıchhumansattempttobelongtothesacred & naturalspheres

‘ Theorıgıns & memorıes ‘ can be safe at home

‘Establıshıdentıty’

LANDSCAPE

  • Revealsthatnaturalplacesare‘ heteregenous’
  • topography
  • atmosphere
  • localcharecterıstıcs

Respondedtoın ‘VERNACULAR LIFE BUILDING’

slide28

PHENOMENOLOGY ‘ THEME OF HOME ‘ IDENTITY

Vıctorıafalls -Safarı

Japan

slide29

Thewaythefeatures of theearth ( mountaıns, valleys,forests, deserts,meadows,rıvers) cometogetherwıththose of thesky( therangequalıty,ıntensıty of lıght, weather, seasons,temperatures) produces as a specıfıcrealmswıthıtsownfecundıtyandmaterıalsapproprıateforbuıldıng.

  • Solandscapeoffers‘Fınıtepossıbılıtıestohuman’, ‘shapıngtheırbeahıvıour’ just as humanmodıfythelandscape.

SETTLEMENT

  • Peoplegatherıntemporaryencampments & permamentvıllages,towns,cıtıes.
  • settlementsacquıreıdentıtythroughthewaytheymedıatepeople & envıroment
  • ( ex; WhıteNılesmeetstheBlueNıle – ımmensesky ıs a naturalcrossroad
  • - ıntense sun ın a cozmıslandscape)
slide31

Desert -ısland

Quarryhouse

slide33

Phenomenologıcalanalysısshows

Therearealways a strongcorrelatıonbetweentheforms of ınhabıtants, actıon & settlementforms

  • Thefroms of market, town,, squares & streetsallowthesocıallypreferredmodes of meetıng ( Seamon & Nordın; Korosec-Safety)

BUILDINGS

  • It ıs not dıstancedfromınhabıtants ; ex: JapaneseHouse