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Use of GPS RO soundings for reanalysis at NCEP. Lidia Cucurull Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. COSMIC NOAA Climate Meeting, New Orleans, LA, Jan 22, 2008. Design of the 30-year NCEP CFS RR.

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use of gps ro soundings for reanalysis at ncep

Use of GPS RO soundings for reanalysis at NCEP

Lidia Cucurull

Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

COSMIC NOAA Climate Meeting, New Orleans, LA, Jan 22, 2008

slide2

Design of the 30-year NCEP CFSRR

T382L64 Global Reanalysis and T126L64 Seasonal Reforecast Project(1979-2008)

Suru Saha and Hua-Lu Pan, EMC/NCEP

With Input from

Stephen Lord, Mark Iredell, Shrinivas Moorthi,

David Behringer, Ken Mitchell, Bob Kistler,

Jack Woollen, Huug van den Dool, Catherine Thiaw and others

slide3

For a new Climate Forecast System (CFS) implementation

Two essential components:

A new Reanalysis of the atmosphere, ocean, seaice and land over the 31-year period (1979-2009) is required to provide consistent initial conditions for:

A complete Reforecast of the new CFS over the 28-year period (1982-2009), in order to provide stable calibration and skill estimates of the new system, for operational seasonal prediction at NCEP

slide4

For a new CFS implementation (contd)

  • Analysis Systems : Operational GDAS: Atmospheric (GADAS)-GSI Ocean-ice (GODAS) and Land (GLDAS)
  • 2. Atmospheric Model : Operational GFS
  • New Noah Land Model
  • 3. Ocean Model : New MOM4 Ocean Model
  • New Sea Ice Model
slide5

There are three main differences with the earlier two NCEP Global Reanalysis efforts:

  • Much higher horizontal and vertical resolution (T382L64) of the atmosphere (earlier efforts were made with T62L28 resolution)
  • The guess forecast will be generated from a coupled atmosphere – ocean – seaice - land system
  • Radiance measurements from the historical satellites will be assimilated in this Reanalysis
  • To conduct a Reanalysis with the atmosphere, ocean, seaice and land coupled to each other will be a novelty, and will hopefully address important issues, such as the correlations between sea surface temperatures and precipitation in the global tropics, etc.
gps ro observations will also be used in the cfsrr
GPS RO observations will also be used in the CFSRR.
  • Post-processed files available from UCAR/CDAAC (all the soundings have been processed with the same software and by the same institution).
  • CHAMP (available from May 2001) and COSMIC (available form April 2006) observations.
  • Quality control checks and observation error characterization from the GSI analysis used in operations.
  • Refractivity soundings (but assimilation of bending angles is also possible).
gpsro data assessment

GPSRO data “assessment”

  • Prd29n: CONTROL
  • Prd29g2: CONTROL + GPSRO (COSMIC and CHAMP)
  • Testing period: 2007070100 - 2007073118
  • Resolution: T62L64

(runs monitored by Haixia Liu)

slide13

Solid: EXPd29n (CNTL)

Dashed: EXPd29g2 (GPSRO)

summary

Summary

  • A GPSRO ‘assessment’ run was performed to test the quality of the post-processed GPSRO data. [Note the lower resolution of the model].
  • The impact study showed that the use of GPSRO data on top of the conventional and satellite observations results in a positive or neutral impact on the model skill.
  • As a result, NCEP will assimilate GPSRO observations in the CFSRR.

Email : cfs@noaa.gov

Website : http://cfs.ncep.noaa.gov