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The Puzzle of Life’s Diversity . Section 15–1 This section outlines Charles Darwin’s contribution to science. It also describes the pattern of diversity he observed among organisms of the Galápagos Islands. Introduction .

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the puzzle of life s diversity

The Puzzle of Life’s Diversity

Section 15–1

This section outlines Charles Darwin’s contribution to science. It also describes the pattern of diversity he observed among organisms of theGalápagos Islands.

introduction
Introduction

The process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient organisms is called .

Evolution

introduction to darwin
Introduction to Darwin

A well-supported explanation of phenomena that have occurred in the natural world isa(an) .

  • Theory
introduction to darwin4
Introduction to Darwin

Is the following sentence true or false?

  • Charles Darwin contributed more to our understanding of evolution than anyone else.

True

voyage of the beagle
Voyage of the Beagle

Circle the letter of each sentence that is true about Charles Darwin.

a. He was born in 1809.

b. He was an English naturalist.

d. The voyage lasted 5 years and took him around the world.

voyage of the beagle7
Voyage of the Beagle
  • Is the following sentence true or false? Darwin was looking for a scientific explanation for the diversity of life on Earth.
  • True
circle the letter of each observation that darwin made
Circle the letter of each observation that Darwin made.

An enormous number of species inhabit Earth.

Some species that lived in the past no longer live on Earth.

as darwin studied fossils what new questions arose
As Darwin studied fossils, what new questions arose?

He wondered why so manyspecies had disappeared and how they were related to living species.

slide12
Is the following sentence true or false?

Of all the Beagle’s ports of call, the one that influenced Darwin the most was the Galápagos Islands.

True

circle the letter of each choice that is true about the gal pagos islands
Circle the letter of each choice that is true about the Galápagos Islands.

The higher islands have more rainfall.

slide14
How did Darwin explain differences in shell shape of tortoises from Hood Island andIsabela Island?

Darwin thought that Hood Island tortoises had curved shells to allow them to reach the sparse vegetation on their island, whereas Isabela Island tortoises had dome-shaped shells because vegetation on their island was more abundant and closer to the ground.

slide15
Darwin observed that small brown birds on the Galápagos Islands differed in theshape of their .

Beaks

the journey home
The Journey Home

What did Darwin think about on his journey home to England?

Darwin thought about how the characteristics of many animals and plants, including mockingbirds and tortoises, varied noticeably among the different islands of the Galápagos.

slide17
After he returned to England, what hypothesis did Darwin develop to explain his findings?
  • Separate species evolved from a common ancestor after becoming isolated from one another on different islands of the Galápagos.