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PIN’s GIS Application on Forest Management. GIS Specialist, M.Sc. Binke Wang*. Department of Natural Resources Penobscot Indian Nation. * Work completed together with forest staff. Agenda. Penobscot Indian Nation (PIN) & its Land Holdings DNR programs, & GIS facilities, data & services

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pin s gis application on forest management

PIN’s GIS Application on Forest Management

GIS Specialist, M.Sc.

Binke Wang*

Department of Natural Resources Penobscot Indian Nation

* Work completed together with forest staff

agenda
Agenda
  • Penobscot Indian Nation (PIN) & its Land Holdings
  • DNR programs, & GIS facilities, data & services
  • Timber Resources, Forest management Goals & its Strategic Plan
  • GIS support to forest road and timber type management
  • GIS applications on Forest Zone Strategic Management Plan
  • Summary & Questions
slide3

PIN Reservation

  • Located in eastern Maine, federally recognized 1980
  • Comprised of >200 islands, from Old Town onto the North
  • Headquarters at Indian Island, Old Town, Maine
slide4

22%

22%

75%@50mi

57%

43%

Penobscot People

  • >2200 Tribal members
  • 22% on Indian Island, the reservation;
  • 57% in Maine, 43% in other states, mostly in New England
  • 75% of Maine Penobscot within 50 mi of Old Town
slide5

Indian Island

  • Tribal Government & Community Center located at
  • Only populated Rez. island, southernmost of Rez.
  • >500 Tribal members, 22%, reside on
  • Tribal business & services here as well
slide6

PIN Land holdings

  • Reservation Islands: 4424 ac
  • Trust Land: 96335 ac,
  • Fee Land: 27398 ac
  • Total lands: 128157 ac
basic gis facilities
Basic GIS Facilities

ArcGIS9.1 w/extensions:

  • 3D Analyst
  • Spatial Analyst
  • Geo-statistical Analyst
  • Publisher
  • Street Map

ALTEK 44x56

Digitizer

ArcView3.3 w/extensions:

  • 3D Analyst
  • Spatial Analyst
  • Network Analyst
  • Image Analysis

HP5500uv

Plotter

slide11

Typical GIS Services

  • Overall GIS processing/operations:
    • New layer capture and update;
    • Spatial analysis and modeling;
    • Map design and output;
    • Database integration and manipulation;
    • System maintenance, trouble shooting and upgrade
  • Focus on DNR programs, also other Depts:
    • DTR, PED, Cultural Resources,
    • Housing, Maintenance, Public Safety,
    • Council/Chief & Tribal Members…
  • Outreached with outside entities for data exchange, tec upgrade:
    • GIS/eng services, work for the tribe, or on tribal property;
    • Federal, State, other tribal governments;
    • Educational/research/technology/academic institutions
  • Participate in conference, training session & other technology exchange sites as a rep of tribal GIS,
slide12

Sample Projects completed

  • Forest: annual timber inventory, update, road inventory, maintenance, classify, update, water classify, update, zone plan/update
  • Water resources: monitoring site mapping, watershed, discharge, waste disposal facility mapping, spatial analysis; wetland, landfill
  • Fishery & wildlife: dams, species inventory, gps data organize, habitat, spatial pattern/temporal trend
  • Air quality: monitoring site maps
  • DTR/Public safety : E911/indian island access, Rez lot automation, assignment, set-aside
  • PED/Outreach: alder stream & Carrabassett wind mill layout/analysis, Pine-tree landfill; data provision to business partners;
  • Housing: lot/background element info, site plan for land development;
  • Maintenance: Trust land route inventory, mapping
  • Cultural res: special site plan, historical site mapping
  • Council/Chief: Tribal member residency vs Indian-island proximity
  • Tribal members/museum: Miscellaneous maps, game/business navigation, hunting, property mgt
slide13

PIN Timber Resources

  • Soft wood is major, hard wood minor;
  • Some mixed wood, less others: alder;
  • Quite bit wetland, bog, flowage & water areas;
  • Timber in all tribal land, management on the trust lands: 69359 ac.

Timber types (%@area)

in Trust Lands

forest resource eco element
Forest: Resource & Eco-element
  • Important natural resources:
    • Timber products
    • Wildlife habitat;
  • Critical ecosystem element:
    • Water resource: wetland, runoff process, ground water;
    • Soil erosion & water quality;
    • Mass movement & slope stability;
    • Micro-climate: ground wind speed, humidity and heat..
  • Human being social life:
    • Historical/cultural sites
    • Recreational sites
    • Regional water balance,
    • Long-term atmosphere circulation & global climate change
slide15

Basic Goals of Forest Management

  • Optimize income from logging—timber harvest
  • Make multiple uses & sustain the yields
  • Maintain water quality & wetland resources
  • Protect wildlife & fisheries habitat
  • Mitigate environmental hazards/damage/degradation
  • Harmonize nature sustainability vs. human desire
  • Care for Cultural/historical sites & prized plants/species
  • Preserve scenic beauty & recreational resources
  • Maintain access (roads) for management & property usage
slide16

Integrated Resource Management Plan

Water

Resource

Management

Plan

Wildlife

Management

Plan

Forest

Resource

Management

Plan

Cultural

Resource

Management

Plan

Environment

Hazard

Mitigation

Plan

Water quality;

Wetland resources;

Hydrology

Population

/species;

Habitat;

Migration

Timber types;

Forest engineering; Comprehensive resources;

Environmental

Archeology;

Anthropology;

Indian history

Soil erosion;

Mass movement; Avalanche;

Beaver damming;

Cliff/high elevation

Activities

operations

Activities

operations

Activities

operations

Activities

operations

Activities

operations

Strategic

Plan

Program

Plan

Project

Activity

Plan

slide17

GIS/GPS Projects with Forest Management

  • Timber Type Inventory
  • Timber Product Harvest
  • Road Design and Layout
  • Road Classification and Maintenance
  • Zoning Strategic Plan of Forest Management
    • Water body buffer
    • Road buffer
    • Wildlife habitat area
    • Wetland area
    • Recreational area
    • Cultural/historical sites
    • Environment sensitive sites: high elevation, steep slope…
slide18

GIS/GPS support to Timber Operations

  • Timber type resources inventory;
  • Timber product harvest plan;
  • Timber growth monitoring,
  • Timber volume estimate
  • Timber status assessment & potential evaluation
    • pattern view,
    • query,
    • statistical manipulation,
    • modeling
    • mapping
slide19

GIS/GPS support to Forest Road Systems

  • Road layout design & road network analysis,
  • Road classification,
  • Road acreage estimate,
  • Road engineering: building, maintenance & upgrade,
  • Access & delivery info for forest management, recreation & other on-site business
slide20

GIS Operations for Zoning Plan

  • Linear object buffer: roads, streams;
  • Polygon object buffer: rivers, wetland, lake/ponds;
  • Other area delineation: wildlife habitat, recreational/high view areas, high elevation area, extracted/digitized from other layers/sources, GPSed from field;
  • Set-aside layer creation: cultural/historical sites/areas (no definite boundary), gravel pits, environmental sensitive sites;
  • Multi-data integration, deliverable finalization: layers, data table or maps.
slide21

Union sub-layers

Calculate overall types

Prioritize zone class

Fix sliver polys

Dissolve redundancy

Line

buffer

Road/Stream

Buffer zones

Calculate

Zone types

Roads

Streams

Temp

Polygons

Zone

Type Layer

Union

together

Poly

Buffer

Calculate

Zone types

Water/wetland

Buffer zones

Rivers, Ponds, Lakes & Wetlands

Forest

Resource

Management

Zoning

Map/Plan

GPS

Digitized

Extracted

Wildlife/View

Protection areas

Calculate

Zone types

Deer Wintering areas

Recreational

Areas

Calculate

Zone types

Extracted

From

Contour

Set aside

areas

High

Elevation

Areas

Set

Aside

Point Layer

GPS

Digitized

Set aside

Sites

Calculate

Zone types

Set Aside

sites

Primary objects

elements

GIS Operations

Temp layers

GIS operations

Final layers/maps

GIS Flow Chart

slide22

Linear Object Buffer

  • Specify a segment of the objects: roads, or streams—GPS or extracted from existing information;
  • Identify the class or grade of the road/stream segments;
  • Assign a buffer distance to the object;
  • Create buffer
  • Calculate zone type value
slide23

Polygon Object Buffer

  • Specify target areas/polys: ponds, lakes & rivers--extracted from existing information;
  • Identify the features for buffer sizes;
  • Assign a buffer distance to a field for each area;
  • Create buffer
  • Combine target areas & buffer
  • Calculate zone type value
slide24

Other Area Delineation

  • Deer Wintering area: LURC zoned deer yards, extracted/ digitized
  • Wetland areas: extracted from the LURC zoned wetlands & other mapped wetlands
  • Recreational areas: lake sites, Hill top…, , current/potential, GPS/digitized
  • High elevation (>2700 ft): extracted from a contour layer;
slide25

Set-Aside Layer

  • Cultural/historical interest sites, point or no-definite-boundary areas;
  • Human disturbed sites: gravel pit,
  • Recreational sites: current or potential:
    • Boat landing,
    • Bog area, open area, scenic stretch;
    • Camp sites;
    • Public springs

GPS/digitized from various sources

slide26

Multi-data Integration

  • Union individual transit zone layers
  • Fix sliver polygons;
  • Calculate overall zone type values;
  • Prioritize zone types;
  • Dissolve redundant boundary
  • Finalize zone type layers
slide27

Union sub-layers

Calculate overall types

Prioritize zone class

Fix sliver polys

Dissolve redundancy

Line

buffer

Road/Stream

Buffer zones

Calculate

Zone types

Roads

Streams

Temp

Polygons

Zone

Type Layer

Union

together

Poly

Buffer

Calculate

Zone types

Water/wetland

Buffer zones

Rivers, Ponds, Lakes & Wetlands

Forest

Resource

Management

Zoning

Map/Plan

GPS

Digitized

Extracted

Wildlife/View

Protection areas

Calculate

Zone types

Deer Wintering areas

Recreational

Areas

Calculate

Zone types

Extracted

From

Contour

Set aside

areas

High

Elevation

Areas

Set

Aside

Point Layer

GPS

Digitized

Set aside

Sites

Calculate

Zone types

Set Aside

sites

Primary objects

elements

GIS Operations

Temp layers

GIS operations

Final layers/maps

GIS Flow Chart

slide28

Zone Plan 2001

Zoning Maps/Plan

  • Produced a zone map with polygon and point zone information;
  • Created statistical zoning data using the attributes;
  • Made plans 2001 & 2003
  • Kept track of new development, maintain data update
slide29

Zone Plan 2003

Conclusion

  • Easier, efficient, straight-forward operations;
  • Create reliable & flexible format of data layers
  • Provide multiple scenarios for optimum operations.
  • Critical steps: buffer object identifications; zone type order setting
slide30

Summary

  • PIN, a tribe at Penobscot River, Maine, has quite bit of land holdings, including forest resources/environment;
  • A Forest Program & GIS in the DNR set up to take care of the PIN forest resources & other spatial data issues;
  • Forest, as a resource & a part of environment, plays a critical role in ecosystem; complicated goals & integrated strategy required for forest management;
  • GIS applied in the forest management with success, examples presented include: GIS supports forest road maintenance, timber type management, and zone plan creation;
  • Zone plan made of a series road, water & wetland buffers, and other sensitive protection areas, where GIS applied effectively.
questions
Questions?

Thanks for your attention!