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Industrial Materials Recycling. Kimberly Cochran, PhD US EPA Office of Solid Waste AGC Building Division Meeting January 26, 2008 Miami, Florida. Industrial Materials Recycling Team. Promotes the reduction, reuse, and recycling of industrial materials

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industrial materials recycling

Industrial Materials Recycling

Kimberly Cochran, PhD

US EPA Office of Solid Waste

AGC Building Division Meeting

January 26, 2008

Miami, Florida

industrial materials recycling team
Industrial Materials Recycling Team
  • Promotes the reduction, reuse, and recycling of industrial materials
    • Construction and demolition (C&D) materials
    • Coal combustion products (CCPs)
    • Foundry sands
    • Tires
    • Slags
    • Pulp and paper residuals
why reuse recycle these materials
Why reuse/recycle these materials?
  • They
    • Can substitute virgin materials AND save energy, time, and money
    • Perform as well or better than virgin materials
  • Capture valuable materials that would otherwise be lost.
  • Recycling/reusing can mean points for green building certification.
components of c d waste
Components of C&D Waste
  • Wood
    • Engineered Wood
      • Oriented Strand Board (OSW)
      • Plywood
      • Blackboard
    • Dimensional Lumber
    • Treated Wood



  • Boiler Fuel
  • Mulch
  • Engineered boards
portland cement concrete
Portland Cement Concrete


  • Road Base
  • Aggregate

Asphalt Concrete

  • Heavily Recycled in New Hot Mix Asphalt
components of c d materials
Components of C&D Materials
  • Gypsum Drywall
  • Markets:
    • New Drywall
    • Portland Cement Production
    • Agriculture
    • Construction Material
components of c d materials10
Components of C&D Materials
  • Roofing Materials
    • Asphalt Roofing Shingles
    • Asphalt Roofing Felt
  • Recycled into new hot mix asphalt.
components of c d materials11
Components of C&D Materials
  • Metals
    • Ferrous
    • Nonferrous
      • Aluminum
      • Copper
components of c d materials12
Components of C&D Materials
  • Paper Products
  • Cardboard
consigli s waste management four tier system
Consigli’s Waste Management Four Tier System
  • Tier I: Direct Reuse and Recycling
  • Tier II: Source Separated Materials
  • Tier III: Mixed C&D to Offsite Separation
  • Tier IV: Mixed C&D to Landfills
state programs regulations
State Programs & Regulations
  • Massachusetts ban on disposal before processing
  • California requires 50% diversion from landfills
  • Various states have grants and education programs
local ordinances
Local Ordinances
  • Disposal bans
    • Ban of specific materials from being disposed
  • Waste plan requirement
    • Require all contractors to submit plans on how they will reduce disposal when applying for a permit
  • Deposit system
    • Fee required when applying for a permit that is returned when recycling is proven
  • Salvage period requirements
other factors influencing recycling
Other Factors Influencing Recycling
  • Increases in fuel prices
  • Green building initiatives
  • Efforts to reduce GHG emissions
  • General difficulty to site landfills
not just c d materials
Not Just C&D Materials …


It is important to reuse/recycle the waste your company generates, but

It is also important to use recyclable materials from other industries in construction design.

other industrial materials
Coal fly ash

Iron/steel slag

Foundry sand


Structural material

Masonry material

Many more…

Other Industrial Materials
industrial materials recycling team27
Industrial Materials Recycling Team
  • Measure – “What gets tracked gets managed”
  • Explore barriers and how to overcome them
  • Increase awareness
  • Recognize success
measurement c d materials
Measurement: C&D Materials

Preliminary 2003 draft numbers

  • Will be measuring annually -- need a viable, economically feasible source of data
  • Currently looking at data states collect and publish
exploring barriers increasing awareness
Exploring Barriers, Increasing Awareness
  • Construction Initiative
    • Encouraging use of industrial materials in building or highway construction projects
  • Green Buildings, Highways, and Sustainable Sites
    • Helping develop criteria
    • Promoting industrial materials recycling in green structures/sites
    • Promoting coordination between transportation and environmental agencies
exploring barriers increasing awareness31
Exploring Barriers, Increasing Awareness
  • Asphalt Shingle Recycling Forums
  • Foundry Sand Forum
  • Beneficial Use Summit
epa s innovative grants
EPA’s Innovative Grants
  • 2005 Grant to CMRA for Tear-Off Asphalt Shingles Recycling
    • Update website
    • Recycling Asphalt Shingles: Best Practices Guide
    • Environmental Issues Associated with Asphalt Shingle Recycling
Associated General Contractors of America

Building Materials Reuse Association

Construction Materials Recycling Association

National Association of Home Builders

National Demolition Association

Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials

National Association of Counties

Foundry Sand Recycling Starts Today

American Coal Ash Association

Rubber Manufacturers Association

National Council for Air and Stream Improvement

National Slag and Slag Cement Association

epa s partnership with agc
EPA’s Partnership with AGC
  • White paper
    • Demonstrate a support for reduction, reuse, and recycling
    • Reuse and recycling should be performed in a safe manner
epa s partnership with agc41
EPA’s Partnership with AGC
  • Measurement tool for contractors

How much did my company reused/recycled?

How much did my company SAVE?

epa s partnership with agc42
EPA’s Partnership with AGC
  • Recognition
    • Case Studies
    • Others?
things to think about
Things to Think About
  • What obstacles have you encountered?
  • What role does each participant play in overcoming the obstacles to industrial materials recycling?
    • Contractors
    • Manufacturers
    • States
    • EPA
things to think about44
Things to Think About
  • What tools and resources do contractors need to
    • Reuse/recycle materials
    • Use recycled materials
case studies
Case Studies
  • Recycling/reusing C&D materials
  • Using industrial materials
  • Need:
    • Amount and types of materials that were reused/recycled
    • Size of project
    • Amount of money saved (if available)
    • Obstacles encountered and how they were overcome
contact information
Contact Information