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Creativity Creative Thinking & Creative Problem-solving. 2 Models of Creative Problem Solving plus The Incubation Model of Teaching: 13 Additional Creative “Qualities”. Creativity is not : . The domain of a few individuals Not known to be linked to specific factors or traits

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creativity creative thinking creative problem solving
CreativityCreative Thinking & Creative Problem-solving

2 Models of Creative Problem Solving

plus

The Incubation Model of Teaching:

13 Additional Creative “Qualities”

creativity is not
Creativity is not:

The domain of a few individuals

    • Not known to be linked to specific factors or traits
  • Exclusive of many individuals
    • Shared by all, varies by many factors
  • Exclusively “world-altering”
    • Personal vs Cultural creativity
      • Importance of distinguishing between these 2
      • Need to develop Personal to achieve Cultural
creativity is
Creativity is:
  • Universal
    • All people have this capacity, as with intelligence
  • Continuous
    • Varies by degree, type, as with intelligence
  • In Potential (subject to “training”)
    • Identifiable via types of “performances”
    • Performance competencies can be developed
2 factor model
2-Factor Model
  • Novelty: Unique, distinct, “original” responses to environment, experience, circumstances
  • Usefulness: Serves a purpose; responds to perceived need; solves identified problem/s
4 factor model
4 Factor Model
  • Fluency:
    • Frequency of response; actual total number of responses to a stimulus
  • Flexibility:
    • Frequency of categories of responses; actual total number of types of responses
  • Originality:
    • Statistical infrequency of response for a given individual in a given group at a given time
  • Elaboration:
    • Development of responses
    • Completion of ideas
    • Integration across ideas
    • “Marketing” ideas/alternatives
application of models
Application of Models
  • Working in your group, do the following:
  • Identify a situation in a curriculum (content to be taught/learned) in which you could apply these models
  • Briefly describe the instructional situation:
    • Who, what, when, why, how long, what’s expected…
  • Plan/state an activity that would develop each step of the 4 factor model
the incubation model of teaching getting beyond the aha e p torrance h t safter 1990
The Incubation Model of Teaching:Getting Beyond the Aha!E. P. Torrance & H. T. Safter (1990)
  • What is the “aha”?
  • Moments of “insight” “intuition” “revelation”
  • Moments of “wholeness” or “oneness” uniting with everything
  • Rational vs Supra-rational view of Creativity
  • Non-linear sequence/-ing of creative events
the incubation model of teaching
The Incubation Model of Teaching
  • Creative “indicators” beyond the “big 4” factors: 13 additional “qualities”
    • Highlighting the essence (abstract titles)
    • Keeping open (resist premature closure)
    • Emotional awareness
    • Putting ideas into context
    • Combining & synthesizing
    • Visualize richly, colorfully
    • Using fantasy
    • Using movement & sound
    • Unusual visual perspective/s
    • Internal visualizations
    • Extending/breaking through boundaries
    • Using humor
    • Getting glimpses of infinity
the incubation model of teaching 3 additional issues
The Incubation Model of Teaching:3 Additional Issues
  • Problem-finding
    • Pervasive impediment: Assuming the problem is known, therefore, focus on finding the solution
  • Producing Alternatives
    • At all levels of problem-solving, increased fluency supports the processes; the more alternatives, the greater the probability of creative solution/s
  • Originality: Acceptance of being “different”
    • Adequate time
    • Play with ambiguity/uncertainty
    • Heightened awareness of importance
    • Make legitimate
the incubation model information processing strategies for creative teaching learning
The Incubation Model:Information Processing Strategies for Creative Teaching & Learning
  • Stage 1: Heightening Anticipation
  • Stage 2: Deepening Expectations
  • Stage 3: Keeping it Going
the incubation model creative teaching learning
The Incubation Model:Creative Teaching & Learning
  • Stage 1: Heightening Anticipation (see p.9)
    • Create desire to know
    • Heighten anticipation/expectation
    • Get attention
    • Arouse curiosity
    • Tickle imagination
    • Give purpose/meaning
the incubation model creative teaching learning12
The Incubation Model:Creative Teaching & Learning
  • Stage 2: Deepening Expectations (see p.10)
    • Digging deeper
    • Looking twice
    • Listening for smells
    • Crossing out mistakes
    • Cutting holes so see through
    • Cutting corners
    • Getting in deep water
    • Getting out of locked doors
the incubation model creative teaching learning13
The Incubation Model:Creative Teaching & Learning
  • Stage 3: Keeping it Going (see pp.11-12)
    • Having a ball
    • Singing in one’s own key
    • Building sand castles
    • Plugging in the sun
    • Shaking hands with tomorrow
the incubation model of teaching 13 qualities
The Incubation Model of Teaching:13 Qualities
  • Highlighting the essence
    • Retaining sense of importance
    • Staying focused
    • Discriminate relevant from irrelevant information
the incubation model of teaching 13 qualities15
The Incubation Model of Teaching:13 Qualities
  • Elaboration
    • Add details
    • Develop a plan
    • Implement/sell a solution
the incubation model of teaching 13 qualities16
The Incubation Model of Teaching:13 Qualities
  • Keep Open
    • Resistance to premature closure
    • Need for & use of time
    • Practice with ideas in variety of circumstances w/o time constraints
the incubation model of teaching 13 qualities17
The Incubation Model of Teaching:13 Qualities
  • Emotional Awareness
    • Acknowledge role/significance of affective experience/s
    • Adds to, not replaces, rational-cognitive experience/s
    • Personal insight/s
the incubation model of teaching 13 qualities18
The Incubation Model of Teaching:13 Qualities
  • Putting Ideas into Context
    • Meaningful synthesis of ideas & experiences
    • Personal, individual
    • Abstract analysis/synthesis:
      • Part-part relationships
      • Part-whole relationships
      • Generalizations across concepts
the incubation model of teaching 13 qualities19
The Incubation Model of Teaching:13 Qualities
  • Combine & Synthesize
    • Combine types & modes of information acquisition, processing & retrieval
    • “Brain laterality”: Right- vs Left-brained
  • Visualize Richly & Colorfully
    • Alternative perceptions
the incubation model of teaching 13 qualities20
The Incubation Model of Teaching:13 Qualities
  • Using Fantasy
    • Future possibilities
    • Varying point-of-view
    • Feeling comfortable with the “unknown”
    • Unconstrained by “reality”
the incubation model of teaching 13 qualities21
The Incubation Model of Teaching:13 Qualities
  • Using Movement & Sound
    • Experience via multiple modalities deepens concept learning
    • Kinesthetic & auditory experiences: Natural modalities for children (& experienced adults)
the incubation model of teaching 13 qualities22
The Incubation Model of Teaching:13 Qualities
  • Unusual Visual Perspectives
    • Ability to “see in different ways” heightens experiences of innovation & inventiveness
  • Internal Visualizations
    • “Seeing the insides” of objects, events, people, experiences can lead to new, deeper insights; seeing “multiple perspectives”
the incubation model of teaching 13 qualities23
The Incubation Model of Teaching:13 Qualities
  • Extending/breaking through Boundaries
    • Confronting the “what’s given” limitation/bias
    • Recognizing that new possibilities always exist
    • Acknowledging the potential for & ambiguity of the “incomplete” idea, object, etc, & continuing problem-solving work
the incubation model of teaching 13 qualities24
The Incubation Model of Teaching:13 Qualities
  • Using & Enjoying Humor
    • Integrates or synthesizes physiological, psychological & social processes
    • Accepting/understanding perceptual, conceptual incongruities
    • Recognizing unusual, unexpected combinations, surprises
the incubation model of teaching 13 qualities25
The Incubation Model of Teaching:13 Qualities
  • Glimpses of Infinity
    • Open-ended environment
    • Positive focus on the future
    • Actively engaging one’s self as part of perceived future for ideas to transcend the present
    • Developing anticipation for an open-ended, multi-possibility future
the incubation model of teaching26
The Incubation Model of Teaching
  • Creative “indicators” beyond the “big 4” factors: 13 additional “qualities”
    • Highlighting the essence (abstract titles)
    • Keeping open (resist premature closure)
    • Emotional awareness
    • Putting ideas into context
    • Combining & synthesizing
    • Visualize richly, colorfully
    • Using fantasy
    • Using movement & sound
    • Unusual visual perspective/s
    • Internal visualizations
    • Extending/breaking through boundaries
    • Using humor
    • Getting glimpses of infinity