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Post-Modern Art. Presented by: Ashley Gregory Brittany Julious Graeme MacDougall William Stark. Origins of Postmodernism. Postmodernism began to emerge around the 1920’s with the Dada movement. It was not until after the Second World War that postmodernism was really recognized.

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Post modern art

Post-Modern Art

Presented by:

Ashley Gregory

Brittany Julious

Graeme MacDougall

William Stark

Origins of postmodernism
Origins of Postmodernism

  • Postmodernism began to emerge around the 1920’s with the Dada movement.

  • It was not until after the Second World War that postmodernism was really recognized.

  • One of the reasons that postmodernism was thought of as a different movement from that of modernism was because of the different economic and technological changes that took place.

Origins of postmodernism cont
Origins of Postmodernism, cont.

  • Another basic concept of postmodernism is that every form of rebellion has already been explored

  • Because of this, postmodernist artists usually use ideas from many different periods and combine them to form one image

Authors and their ideas of postmodernism
Authors and their ideas of postmodernism

  • Arnold Toynbee

  • Jean Baudrillard

Arnold toynbee
Arnold Toynbee

  • Is thought to be the first person to use the term postmodern

  • Used this term in his A Study of History, and said that this idea of postmodern occurred from around 1850-1875

  • He later changed his original thought and said that the modern came to and end during the First World War, and that postmodernism really began to form during the years between the first two world wars (1918-1939)

Jean baudrillard
Jean Baudrillard

  • Wrote that there are four processes of obtaining value:

    • There is a functional value of an object

    • There is an exchange value of an object

    • There is a symbolic value of an object

    • There is a sign value of an object


  • One of the key ideas of postmodernism is to conceive things as texts

  • Derrida

    • Argued that deconstruction shows that texts can have multiple meanings and these different meanings can be cleared up through close textual analysis

    • One possible consequence of deconstruction is that texts may be defined too broadly

Aspects of
Aspects of

  • Photography

  • Digital Photography

  • Computers

  • Mass Media and Communication

  • What Technology Has Done


  • From painting light to capturing light

  • Art of the few

  • George Eastman

George eastman
George Eastman

  • Kodak

  • Mass Production

  • Brings Camera’s into everyday use

Everyone s a photographer
Everyone’s a Photographer?

  • Eastman brought photography into mainstream culture

  • No longer an art for the few

  • Popularization of photography as art

  • New technologies create new demands

Digital photography
Digital Photography

  • Snapshots of anything

  • Editing Photos

  • A new outlook on Photography

  • Is what you see really what you see?

  • Broadens the definition of ‘art’


  • Digital Editing

  • Digital Spaces

  • Photoshop

  • New outlet of imagination

Mass media and communication
Mass Media and Communication

  • “Information and communication have therefore become terms of comparison with which to redefine and reinterpret the roles of all disciplines.”

  • Radio

  • Newspaper

Mass media and communication cont
Mass Media and Communication cont.

  • Magazine

  • Post-Cards (art as communication)

  • Internet

  • Commercialization of Art

  • Loss of aura as art/anything as art

  • No longer art for arts sake

What technology has done
What Technology Has Done

  • “the institutions of the art world continued to believe in – indeed to expect – breakthroughs, and the galleries, the collectors, the art magazines, the museums and finally the corporations that had become the major patrons of the age were also awaiting prophets and revelations” - Arthur Danto

  • Created a demand for ‘new’ art

Neo expressionism

  • Emerged in late 1970s; prominent until mid 1980s

  • Developed in Europe  reaction to conceptualism and minimalism

  • Heavily promoted by the media and art galleries


  • Recognizable objects

  • Rough, violent or abstract interpretation

  • Vivid colors

  • Inspired by German expressionism

Jedd Garet

Curtain of Protection (1980)

Prominent neo expressionist artists

George Baselitz

Julian Schnabel

Keith Haring

Jean-Michel Basquiat

Francesco Clemente

Prominent Neo-Expressionist Artists

Julian schnabel
Julian Schnabel

  • Imfluences include Antoni Gaudi, Cy Twombly

  • Plate paintings

  • Schnabel said he was, "aiming at an emotional state, a state that people can literally walk into and be engulfed."

  • Other mediums

Graffiti art
Graffiti Art

  • Used to display artists tags, as well as social and political messages and sometimes advertising

  • Spray paint, markers or other materials

  • Application without authorization to public spaces

  • Public art?

  • Radical and political purposes

  • High art

Jean michel basquiat
Jean-Michel Basquiat

  • Graffiti background  SAMO tag

  • “The Radiant Child” by Rene Ricard

  • Andy Warhol

  • Art periods

    • 1980-1982

    • 1982-1985

    • 1986-death

Jean michel basquiat1
Jean-Michel Basquiat

Prayer (1984)

Keith haring
Keith Haring

  • Grafitti/pop artist

  • NYC subway chalk drawings

  • “The Radiant Baby”

  • Andy Warhol

  • The Keith Haring Foundation

Francesco clemente
Francesco Clemente

  • Combines both surrealism and expressionism

  • Career in the 1970s

  • Career in the 1980s

  • Collaborations with Warhol and Basquiat

Laurie anderson
Laurie Anderson

“I Hate Television”


Public Service


Matthew barney
Matthew Barney

Drawing Restraint 9


The film concerns the theme of self-imposed limitation and continues Matthew Barney's interest in religious rite, this time focusing on Shinto.

Questions raised by postmodernism
Questions Raised by Postmodernism

  • What is art?

  • What is the purpose of art?

  • How has the purpose changed in the face of Postmodernism?

What is art
What is Art?

  • How do we decide what is art?

  • Philosophical in nature?

  • Representation of reality?

  • Consumer oriented?

  • Aesthetically pleasing?

  • What is the role of skill in art?

What makes art
What makes art?

What makes this art and not boxes?

Arthur Danto, an art critic, said, “Art is dead. Art [has] raised…the philosophical question of art.”

Andy Warhol

Brillo Boxes, 1964

Post modern art

Robert Gober



Commodities as art?

Is using someone else’s work art?

Barbra Kruger (Untitled)


  • Art is now created to be sold

    Is this good or bad, or even true?

  • Danto:

    • The Market needed something to sell and artists needed to make a reputation

Post modern art

The Importance of Skill

“Imagination without skill gives us contemporary art,” Tom Stoddard.


The Sacrifice of Abraham


Oil on Canvas

Lack of skill
Lack of Skill?

Roberto Matta


Charcoal and pastel


Subjectivity of art
Subjectivity of Art

  • Since Art is entirely subjective can it ever really be defined?

  • What makes a piece “good art” opposed to “bad art”

  • Is Rembrandt a better artist than Matta? Who is to say?

  • Will we ever know what art is?