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Modern Art

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  1. Modern Art From 1900 to World War II

  2. Manet & Realism Impressionism Post Impressionism (Colorists) (Formalists) Van Gogh & Matisse Cezanne Fauvism Cubism Abstract Expressionism Futurism Abstract geometric painting Fantasy, Dada, Surrealism

  3. Cubism “’Cubism is no different from any other school of painting. The same principles and the same elements are common to all. The fact that for a long time Cubism has not been understood…means nothing. I do not read English, [but] this does not mean that the English language does not exist….’” Pablo Picasso -- quoted by Guillaume Apollinaire in The Beginnings of Cubism, 1912.

  4. Cubism: definition “The art of painting original arrangements composed of elements taken from conceived rather than perceived reality.” -- Guillaume Apollinaire, The Beginnings of Cubism, 1912.

  5. Cubism • Breaking up of nature into geometric figures and planes • leading artists: Pablo Picasso & Georges Braque

  6. Les Demoiselles d’Avignon 1907 by Pablo Picasso

  7. Violin & Palette 1909-10 by Georges Braque

  8. Bottle of Suze 1912-13 by Pablo Picasso

  9. Guitar by Juan Gris

  10. Guernica by Pablo Picasso, 1937 o/c

  11. Girl before Mirror by Pablo Picasso

  12. Futurism • Outgrowth of Cubism • Sought to capture motion & the “beauty of speed” • Revolutionary • Championed by poet Filippo Marinetti in “The Futurist Manifesto”

  13. Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash, 1912 by Giacomo Balla

  14. Unique Forms of Continuity in Space 1913 by Umberto Boccioni

  15. Expressionism • Grew out of German movement, Die Brucke (The Bridge) • The Bridge: founded in 1905 to “bridge” to the art of the future • Emphasis on expressing inner feelings • Wassily Kandinsky: credited with painting 1st “abstract” painting, 1910

  16. Suprematism • Founded by Kasimir Malevich, c. 1913 • Geometric abstract art • extreme reduction • non-objective • “supremacy of pure feeling”

  17. Suprematism Black Circle 1913 by Kasimir Malevich

  18. Suprematism Suprematist Painting: Aeroplane Flying 1915 by Kasimir Malevich

  19. Kasimir Malevich Self-Portrait 1933 by Kasimir Malevich

  20. …toward abstraction... by Piet Mondrian

  21. by Piet Mondrian

  22. by Piet Mondrian

  23. Composition with Red, Yellow, and Blue 1921 by Piet Mondrian

  24. Broadway Boogie Woogie by Piet Mondrian

  25. Composition I by Piet Mondrian

  26. Dada • Western Europe: artistic, literary movement from 1916-1923 • Protest against horrors of war • An “anti-art” movement • Dada means “hobby horse”

  27. Surrealism • 20th century literary, artistic movement • Expresses subconscious with fantastic imagery & strange juxtapositions • Drew heavily on Freudian theory

  28. Surrealism “According to the major spokesman of the movement, the poet and critic Andre Breton, who published ‘The Surrealist Manifesto’ in 1924, Surrealism was a means of reuniting conscious and unconscious realms of experience so completely tat the world of dream and fantasy would be joined to the everyday rational world in ‘an absolute reality, a surreality.’” http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/glo/surrealism/