At the end of today’s lesson… • …you should be able to explain how states spatially organize their governments.
Richard Hartshorne Centripetal forces: Unify a state Centrifugal forces: Divide a state The balance of the two is whether a nation continues to exist.
Textbook says… “ain’t nobody got time for that”. • “Governments attempt to unify the state through nation-building, through structuring the government in a way that melds the nations within, through defining and defending boundaries, and through expressing control over all of the territory within those boundaries”.
Unitary Government • Capital City is the focus of power. • No accommodation for minorities • No accommodation for outlying areas • Representatives go to the capital to receive instructions to take back home, not to exchange information.
Examples of Unitary Governments: • China • Japan • United Kingdom • France • Panem -what comes out of the capital city is a “go”
Federal System • Organized into regions or sub-states • Regions have a lot of control over government policies and funds • Gives over some control to a federal government. • Retains control over smaller issues, more culturally relevant elements.
Examples Include… • United States • Germany • Australia • Canada -capital has final say on some issues, other issues areleft to local, like how to spend money.
Devolution • Movement of power from the central government to regional governments within the state. • Federalism is one form of devolution • If the constitution is not altered, it can be temporary.