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Introduction to dental hygiene

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  1. DNT 231 Introduction to dental hygiene Dr. Shahzadi Tayyaba Hashmi

  2. DENTAL HYGIENE DEFINITION: • The practice of keeping the mouth, teeth and gums clean and healthy to prevent disease as by regular brushing and flossing and visits to a dentist • Also known as oral hygiene

  3. DENTAL HYGIENIST • A person trained and licensed to provide preventive dental services, such as cleaning the teeth and taking x-rays, usually in conjunction with a dentist

  4. REGISTERED DENTAL HYGIENIST • A registered dental hygienist (RDH) is a licensed dental professional who specializes in preventive oral health, typically focusing on techniques in oral hygiene • Dental hygienist work together with dentist to contribute to a co-therapist environment, while providing optimum oral health care to the public

  5. SERVICES PROVIDED BY DENTAL HYGIENISTS • Dental hygienists provide three types of services to their patients. • The first of these is preventive services to promote and maintain good oral health • Thesecondis educational services to help patients in developing behaviors that promote better oral heath and help them understand the importance of practicing these behaviors • Thethird type of service provided is therapeutic serviceswhich are treatments meant to stop disease and maintain healthy tissues in the mouth

  6. SERVICES PROVIDED BY DENTAL HYGIENISTS

  7. DENTAL HYGIENE PROCESS OF CARE • The dental hygiene process of care has five steps 1. ASSESSING THE PATIENT: This includes, but is not limited to, • a full review of the patient's medical history • necessary x-rays to be taken, • a clinical exam, • periodontal assessment by probing and exploring areas of the patients mouth, • During this stage a thorough documentation must be implemented

  8. DENTAL HYGIENE PROCESS OF CARE 2. DENTAL HYGIENE DIAGNOSIS: • Assessing of data pertaining to a patient’s condition in terms that will help identify problems so as to lead to a professional treatment plan • The final diagnosis of disease lies with approval granted by the doctor

  9. DENTAL HYGIENE PROCESS OF CARE 3. PLANNING: • Creating a sequential treatment plan for the patient • The treatment plan will vary based on the patient's immediate needs 4. IMPLEMENTATION: • Carrying out the plan in a timely and effective manner 5. EVALUATION: Determining the effectiveness of the treatment plan that was administered.

  10. JOB DESCRIPTION • Some of the services provided by dental hygienists may include: • Patients screening procedures such as: • Assessment of oral health conditions • Review of health history • Head and neck inspection • Dental charting and taking B.P and pulse • Taking and developing dental radiographs • Removing calculus and plaque from all surfaces of teeth • Applying preventive materials to the teeth (e.g sealants and fluorides)

  11. JOB DESCRIPTION • Teaching patients appropriate oral hygiene strategies to maintain oral health ( tooth brushing, flossing, nutritional counseling) • Counseling patients about good nutrition and its impact on oral health • Making impressions of patients teeth for study casts ( models of teeth used by dentist to evaluate patient treatment needs • Performing documentation and office management activities

  12. DENTAL HYGIENE CLINIC RECEPTION AREA

  13. WAITING ROOM

  14. DENTAL CLINIC

  15. PATIENT’S CHAIR

  16. OPERATOR’S STOOL

  17. DENTAL CABINETS

  18. AUTOCLAVE