Splash Screen - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

splash screen n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Splash Screen PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Splash Screen

play fullscreen
1 / 74
Splash Screen
98 Views
Download Presentation
sacha-hampton
Download Presentation

Splash Screen

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Splash Screen

  2. Chapter Preview Section 1: The importance of Socialization Section 2: Socialization and the Self Section 3: Agents of Socialization Section 4: Processes of Socialization Chapter Menu

  3. Chapter Preview · Section 1 The Importance of Socialization(pages 110–114) Socialization is the cultural process of learning to participate in group life. Studies have shown that animals and human infants who are deprived of intensive and prolonged social contact with others are stunted in their emotional and social growth. Chapter Preview 1

  4. Chapter Preview · Section 2 Socialization and the Self (pages 115–120) Symbolic interactionism offers the most fully developed perspective for studying socialization. In this approach, the self-concept is developed by using other people as mirrors for learning about ourselves. Chapter Preview 2

  5. Chapter Preview · Section 3 Agents of Socialization (pages 121–127) During childhood and adolescence, the major agents of socialization are the family, school, peer group, and mass media. The family’s role is critical in forming basic values. Schools introduce children to life beyond the family. In peer groups young people learn to relate as equals. The mass media provide role models for full integration into society. Chapter Preview 3

  6. Chapter Preview · Section 4 Processes of Socialization (pages 128–132) Desocialization is the process of having to give up old norms. Resocialization begins as people adopt new norms and values. Anticipatory socialization and reference groups are concerned with voluntary change as when moving from one life stage to another. Chapter Preview 4

  7. Chapter Preview-End

  8. Socialization is the cultural process of learning to participate in group life. Without it, we would not develop many of the characteristics we associate with being human. Studies have shown that animals and human infants who are deprived of intensive and prolonged social contact with others are stunted in their emotional and social growth. Section 1-Preview

  9. socialization Section 1-Key Terms

  10. A B C D How important to you is interacting with others on a daily basis? A.Very important B.Somewhat important C. Not very important D.Not important at all Section 1-Polling Question

  11. Socialization and Personality • Socializationis the cultural process of learning to participate in group life through cultural transmission. • Harry Harlow experimented with monkeys to show the importance of affection, intimacy, and warmth. Section 1

  12. A B C D Which of the following is a result of socialization? A.A man holding a door open for a woman B.Using chopsticks to eat food C. Sitting quietly in class D.All of the above Section 1

  13. Case Studies on Isolated Children: Anna and Isabelle • Anna and Isabelle show that the personal and social development associated with being human is acquired through intensive and prolonged social contact with others. Section 1

  14. A B C Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Social development requires prolonged social contact with others? A. Agree B.Disagree C. Not sure Section 1

  15. Section 1-End

  16. All three theoretical perspectives agree that socialization is needed if cultural and societal values are to be learned. Symbolic interactionism offers the most fully developed perspective for studying socialization. In this approach, the self-concept is developed by using other people as mirrors for learning about ourselves. Section 2-Preview

  17. self-concept looking-glass self significant others role taking imitation stage play stage game stage • generalized other • “me” • “I” Section 2-Key Terms

  18. A B C Which group would you consider as a reflection of yourself? A.Friends B.Classmates C. Siblings Section-Polling Question

  19. The Functionalist and Conflict Perspective on Socialization • Functionalismstresses the ways in which groups work together to create a stable society. • The conflict perspective views socialization as a way of perpetuating the status quo. Section 2

  20. A B C A person accepts his family’s social class, and thus preserves the class system. What is this an example of? A.Functionalism B.Conflict perspective C. Neither Section 2

  21. Symbolic Interactionism and Socialization • Key concepts of symbolic interactionism: • Theself-concept—your image of yourself as having an identity separate from other people. • Thelooking-glass self—we use other people as mirrors to reflect back what we imagine they think of us. Section 2

  22. Symbolic Interactionism and Socialization (cont.) • The looking-glass self is a three-step process: • We imagine how we appear to others. • We imagine the reaction of others to our appearance. • We evaluate ourselves according to how we imagine others have judged us. Section 2

  23. Symbolic Interactionism and Socialization (cont.) • Significant others are the people whose judgments are most important to our self concepts. • Role taking allows us to see ourselves through the eyes of someone else. Section 2

  24. Symbolic Interactionism and Socialization(cont.) • This is a three stage process: • Imitation stage • Play stage • Game stage Section 2

  25. Symbolic Interactionism and Socialization(cont.) • Thegeneralized other is an integrated conception of norms, values, and beliefs of one’s community or society. • Self equals “I” (unlearned, spontaneous acts) versus “Me” (predictability and conformity learned through socialization). Socialization and Mass Media Section 2

  26. A B C D Obsessing over the way certain people at school may view the way you dress is an example of which concept? A.The looking-glass self B.Significant others C. Role taking D.The generalized other Section 2

  27. Section 2-End

  28. During childhood and adolescence, the major agents of socialization are family, school, peer group, and mass media. The family’s role is critical in forming basic values. Schools introduce children to life beyond the family. In peer groups, young people learn to relate as equals. The mass media provide role models for full integration into society. Section 3-Preview

  29. hidden curriculum peer group mass media Section 3-Key Terms

  30. A B C D From the list below, what influences your life the most? A.Parent or parents B.School C.Peer groups D.Mass media Section 3-Polling Question

  31. The Family and Socialization • Within the family, the child learns to: • Think and speak • Internalize norms, beliefs, and values • Form some basic attitudes • Develop a capacity for intimate and personal relationships • Acquire a self-image Section 3

  32. A B C D From the list below, who are the most influential people in you life? A.Parent or parents B. Other relatives C. Friends D. Teachers Section 3

  33. Socialization in Schools • The hidden curriculum teaches children: • discipline • order • cooperation • conformity Section 3

  34. Socialization in Schools(cont.) • These characteristics are required for success in the adult world of work. Section 3

  35. A B C D Which hidden curriculum influences you the most? A.Discipline B.Order C. Cooperation D.Conformity Section 3

  36. Peer Group Socialization • A peer group is composed of individuals of roughly the same age and interests. • In peer groups, children gain experience in: • Conflict, competition, and cooperation • Self direction • Independence from adults • Developing close ties with friends outside the family Section 3

  37. A B Do you think peers or family have more influence on children? A.Peers B.Family Section 3

  38. The Mass Media and Socialization • Mass media are means of communication designed to reach the general population, such as television, newspapers and the radio. Section 3

  39. The Mass Media and Socialization (cont.) • Positive effects: • The display of role models • Exposure to ideas about the values in their society • Negative effects: • Exposure to violence Availability of Television Section 3

  40. A B C D Which is an example of mass media? A.Television B.Newspaper C. Internet D. All of the above Section 3

  41. Section 3-End

  42. Symbolic interactionism views socialization as a lifelong process. Desocialization is the process of having to give up old norms. Resocialization begins as people adopt new norms and values. Anticipatory socialization and reference groups are concerned with voluntary changes, such as moving from one life stage to another. Section 4-Preview

  43. total institutions desocialization resocialization anticipatory socialization reference group Section 4-Key Terms

  44. A B C Which do you think is the greatest change in a person’s life? A.Working for a living B.Getting married C. Having children Section 4-Polling Question

  45. Desocialization and Resocialization • Total institutions—places where residents are separated from the rest of society. • The purpose of these places is to desocialize and then resocialize people. Rates of Imprisonment Section 4

  46. Desocialization and Resocialization(cont.) • Desocialization—the process by which people give up old norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors. • Resocialization—the process in which people adopt new norms, values, attitudes and behaviors. Section 4

  47. A B C Which is NOT an example of a total institution? A.Military B.Prison C. College Section 4

  48. Anticipatory Socialization • Anticipatory socialization is the process of preparing (in advance) for new norms, values, attitudes and behaviors. • A group of people will use a reference group to evaluate themselves and acquire attitudes, values, beliefs, and norms. Section 4

  49. A B C How is anticipatory socialization different from desocialization and resocialization? A.It’s a voluntary process. B.There is advance preparation. C. All of the above Section 4

  50. Section 4-End