Dutch Found New Netherland - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Dutch Found New Netherland

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  1. Dutch Found New Netherland • Dutch West India Co. establish New Netherland (1621) • Expand fur trade • New Amsterdam (NYC) capital (1625) • Populated by variety of Europeans, as well as Dutch, and free and enslaved Africans • Native American relations were generally good

  2. English Takeover • King Charles II allowed the duke of York, his bro., to gain control of Dutch territory • Gov. Stuyvesant (Dutch) surrendered w/out a shot being fired • Duke of York was new proprietor • Named colony New York • New Jersey—land he gave to friends

  3. Quakers in PA • Quakers • Believed God’s “inner light” was in all • Services held w/out ministers • Anyone spoke when moved by the spirit • Plainly dressed • Pacifists • Do not defer to rank • Harassed by Anglicans and Puritans • Became a minority group • Penn opened up PA to others from W. Europe

  4. Pennsylvania • Colony created for the Quakers • No land-owning aristocracy • Every adult male received 50 acres of land and right to vote • Gov’t • Representative assembly • Freedom of religion • Capital-Philadelphia “City of Brotherly Love”

  5. PA and Native Americans • Penn sent letter to Lenni Lenapi (Delaware) • Effort to gain respect and friendship • Ensuring fair treatment • Est. court of colonists and Native Americans to settle conflict • Regulated trade

  6. 13 Colonies • Maryland • George Calvert, Lord Baltimore • Religious tolerance • North and South Carolina • Created from land given by King Charles to group of important supporters • Georgia • James Oglethorpe and associates created a debtor’s haven • Few actually came