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More on the Enlightenment. Today we will…. Identify why ideas were censored during the Enlightenment. Discuss the importance of salons during the Enlightenment. Analyze the Enlightenment’s effect on music and literature. Discuss which monarchs were considered Enlightened Despots. Voltaire.

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today we will
Today we will…
  • Identify why ideas were censored during the Enlightenment.
  • Discuss the importance of salons during the Enlightenment.
  • Analyze the Enlightenment’s effect on music and literature.
  • Discuss which monarchs were considered Enlightened Despots.
voltaire
Voltaire
  • François-Marie Arouet better known by the pen name Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit and for his advocacy of civil liberties, including freedom of religion and free trade.
  • “I disapprove of what you say but I will defend to the death your right to say it.”
  • A staunch critic of the Roman Catholic church – he felt organized religion perpetuated ignorance and superstition.
  • Escrasez la Infame – Crush the horrible thing
  • Candide – THE BOOK of the enlightment.
  • Because he criticized the church, he was denied a Christian burial.
censorship of ideas
Censorship of Ideas
  • Most rulers and church officials felt they had a sacred duty to defend the old order.
  • They wanted to stop the spread of Enlightenment ideas.
  • They burned books and banned books.
  • To avoid censorship, writers like Montesquieu and Voltaire disguised their ideas in works of fiction.
  • Voltaire wrote Candidewho travels across Europe, the Americas, and the Middle East. Voltaire uses this tale to expose the corruption and hypocrisy of European society.
paris salons
Paris Salons
  • These were gatherings organized by wealthy women held in large drawing rooms in their homes.
  • They were used to help philosophes avoid trouble with authorities, discuss politics, philosophy, and current issues.
  • These discussions allowed writers greater freedom to spread their words.
more on salons
More on Salons
  • Enlightened thinkers considered themselves part of an intellectual community.
  • Women participated along with the men and their ideas were valued.
  • As hostesses of salons, women found that they were in a position to affect the decisions of kings, sway political opinion, and influence literary and artistic tastes.
  • Salons were highly competitive and the reputation of the salon depended on its ability to attract the top male minds.
  • The best salons were run by Madame Geoffrin and the Marquise du Deffand
enlightenment s impact on music
Enlightenment’s Impact on Music
  • Johann Sebastian Bach
  • George Frederich Handel
    • Messiah
wolfgang amadeus mozart
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
  • Wrote his first opera at 12
  • The Marriage of Figaro, The Magic Flute, and Don Giovanni are 3 of the world’s greatest operas.
  • He composed over 600 pieces of music.
  • He died a debt ridden pauper at the age of 35.
enlightenment s impact on literature
Enlightenment’s Impact on Literature
  • Development of the novel
  • Daniel Defoe – Robinson Crusoe
  • Johnathan Swift – Gulliver’s Travels
  • Robert Louis Stevenson – Treasure Island
enlightened despots
Enlightened Despots
  • An Enlightened Despot is a king or queen who ruled by the ideas of the Enlightenment.
  • Some examples of Enlightened Despots are: Joseph II –Austria, Catherine the Great – Russia, and Frederick the Great – Prussia.

Joseph II

Catherine the Great

Frederick the Great