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Advanced Fashion: Standard 1 History of Fashion

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  1. Advanced Fashion:Standard 1History of Fashion Created by: Kris Caldwell Timpanogos High School (There is also a powerpoint created by “Fashion Marketing” for this standard)

  2. Fashion History • How do we find out about historical fashion? • Actual Garments • Old Paintings • Fashion Publications • Photographs • Written Publications • People dressed according to what society allowed for the social classes. • The industrial revolution of the 1800’s fostered new inventions. With the invention of the sewing machine, clothing could be mass produced.

  3. Influential People in Fashion History • Elizabeth I: Queen of England 1558-1603 • She wore: • Ruffs (large, round collar) • Epaulets (Shoulder ornaments) • Jeweled wigs • Plucked forehead and brows • Corsets • Hoop Skirt (Farthingale)

  4. Influential People in Fashion History • Louis XIV: King of France 1643-1715 • He sent dolls to every European court, sow they would know about Paris fashions.

  5. Influential People in Fashion History • Marie Antoinette: Queen of France 1775-1793 • Used paste to whiten and stiffen her hair to extreme heights. • Excessive fashion

  6. Influential People in Fashion History • George Bryan “Beau” Brummel • Led trends for men in the early 1800’s • His style is known as “Dandyism” (a style of dress and a lifestyle that celebrated elegance and refinement in the 1800’s) • Included: Straight posture, well-fitting clothes, top hat, tailcoat, and white gloves.

  7. Influential People in Fashion History • Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis • America’s First Lady in the early 1960’s • Famous for: Pillbox hats and ¾ length sleeve suits

  8. Influential People in Fashion History • The Beattles • Trendsetting British rock band • Came to America in 1964 • “Mop-top” Hairstyles • This was extreme hairstyles for the early 1960’s

  9. Early 1900’s • “S” Curve Shape • “Saggy” Chests • Corsets were disappearing

  10. 1920’s • Coco Chanel introduced sportswear and trousers • Flappers: young, independent –minded, free-spirited women who wore short skirts and hairstyles.

  11. 1930’s *Movie Stars set the fashions *Invention of Nylon, women loved nylon stockings *Great Depression slowed fashion trends

  12. 1940’s • World War II=Fabric shortages • Shorter skirts and more use of synthetic fabrics, like rayon. • Simple styles=being patriotic

  13. 1950’s • After the war, women returned to feminine roles. • Christian Dior introduced the “New Look” (long hemlines, narrow shoulders, tight bodices and long, full, or narrow skirts)

  14. 1960’s • Youth movement • Hippie style • Middle and Far East influences (bright colors, peasant embroidery, cheesecloth, safari jackets) • “Mod” look (mini skirts, gogo boots) • British Invasion

  15. 1970’s • Disco Style (lame’ fabrics, leopard prints, jumpsuits) • Punk Fashion (Doc Marten shoes, safety pins, chains, frayed clothing) • Feminist Movement (Women wearing pantsuits)

  16. 1980’s • “Power Look” for working women (shoulder pads) • Synthetic Fabrics (Spandex) • Athletic clothing • Bright colors

  17. 1990’s • More casual styles • Grunge style (messy, uncombed, disheveled)