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The Great War Revisited: Measuring Human Costs In Warfare. Mrs. Fairbairn and Mrs. Olivé. What are some of the results of a war?. Death and human carnage Building destruction Disease Governmental collapse Civil War Refugees (displaced individuals).
Mrs. Fairbairn and Mrs. Olivé
Nicholas Romanov II
Otto Von Bismarck
David Lloyd George
3-isms (nationalism, imperialism,militarism)
Triple (Alliance, Entente)Key TermsUtilize your text or the Internet resources listed to define the following key terms and people.
Austria declares war on Serbia 1914.
Russia declares war on Austria 1814.
Germany declares war on Russia 1914.
France (ally to Russia) declares war on Germany 1914.
Britain (ally to France) declares war on Germany.
Japan enters war as an ally to Britain.
Germany introduces submarine blockade to Britain 1915.The Great War TimelineActivity: Use the dates provided to create an annotated timeline.
Italy declares war on Germany 1916.
Rasputin is murdered in 1916.
Bolshevik Revolution in 1917.
Romanov family imprisoned by Bolsheviks in 1917.
Zimmerman Note 1917.
U.S. abandons isolationism in 1917-entering war.
Kaiser Wilhelm abdicates throne 1918.
Romanov family assassinated in 1918.
Treaty of Versailles signed in 1919.Timeline continued:
War was painted in romantic colors.
As tensions grew the great powers expanded their militaries.
There was a growing fear of war, citizens sought quick solutions and remedies giving military leaders more importance in society-thus more power and control.
Activity: Team up with another classmate in order to accomplish the following: Utilize information in your text and or web sites sighted in order to outline the following players involved in World War I:
The Central Powers
The Allied Powers
Be sure to include information about past histories of these countries in your outline.
Describe how the other 2-isms contributed to the rising tensions of Europe. (Nationalism, Imperialism)MilitarismThe 3-ism’s destroyed 100 years of relative peace in Europe.
The archduke’s motorcade was traveling through Sarajevo the capitol of neighboring Bosnia.
There were 3 other attempts by conspirator’s yet Gavrilo was successful. As their car was making a U-turn he fired 2 shots into the back seat killing the archduke and his wife.
Background (it’s all in a date -June 28)
Serbians were outraged that the archduke would have a parade on this date:
Serbia was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1389.
In 1912, Serbia had finally freed itself from Turkish rule.
But Bosnia (home to many Serbs) was still under Austrian-Hungarian rule.The “Powderkeg of Europe”
Students should include the following information on their map:
All countries outlined in Europe
Norway, Sweden, Russia, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia, Bosnia, Romania, Italy, France, Switzerland, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxemburg, Spain, Portugal, Great Britain, Ireland, Denmark, Africa.
All Water sources outlined:
Mediterranean sea, Black Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Somme River, Baltic Sea, Rhine River, Danube River, North Sea.
Sarajevo, the Dardanelles, Tanneberg, Caporetto, Gallipoli, Verdun, Ypres, use a red arrow to indicate the route of the Schlieffen Plan.
After completing this map students will compare a map of Europe in 1920’s. Answer the following question: What differences are there in your map and the map of Europe in the 1920’s?Geography Activity
Directions: Log onto the website Medical Front in World War I * and then complete the chart where a blank has been left. Afterward, complete the follow-up questions by referring to the statistical data found at the website for Spartacus Educational *. (Your teacher may choose to download the information for you and have booklets ready for your use.)
*Medical Front Website: From the homepage, http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/wwi/
http://www.raven.cc.ukans.edu/~kansite/ww_one/medical/medtitle.htm, and then log onto the additional sites for the manual and amputation information.
*Spartacus website: http://www.spatacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWdeaths.htm and also click on USA Army casualities for unusual deaths and the gas deaths page to find out how many died or were injured from this technology first used in warfare.
Numbers have dehumanized us. Over breakfast coffee we read of 40,000 American dead in Vietnam. Instead of vomiting, we reach for the toast.
Our morning rush through crowded streets is not to cry murder but to hit that trough before somebody else gobbles our share.
An equation: 40,000 dead young men = 3,000 tons of bone and flesh, 124,00 pounds of brain matter, 50,000 gallons of blood, 1,840,000 years of life that will never be lived, 100,000 children who will never be born.
Let us use his same arithmetic for World War I;
9,000,000 dead young men equal 1,350,000,000 pounds of bone and flesh, 27,900,000 pounds of brain matter, 11,250,000 gallons of blood,
414,000,000 years of life that will never be lived, and 22,500,000 children who will never be born. The dry if imposing figure
"9,000,000 dead" seems a little less statistical when we view it from this perspective.Trumbo’s thoughts
Introducing economic restraints.
Unconsciously changing gender roles by requiring women to support the war effort outside the home.
Controlling public opinion.
Both sides waged a Propaganda War.
The public was introduced to horrible acts, and stories often exaggerated versions of incidents and sometimes altogether made up.Total WarGovernment’s committed everything they had to winning the war
Point of Purchase Displays
Cold CallsIn our everyday life we are exposed to different forms of Propaganda:
The Republic Must Awake” Senator Warren G. Harding (www.loc.gov)
Within its empire the nationalities are revolting, splitting the empire apart.
The new German government sought an armistice at 11 am November 11, 1918.
Activity: Within groups students will research the following:
The Costs of World War I.
Reparations for World War I.
The Big Three.
The Treaty of Versailles 1919.
After the research is complete, draw a political cartoon illustrating the viewpoint of the Germans after the treaty signing.The Tide Turns continued
Directions: You are one of several diplomats attending the Peace Treaty Conference in Versailles, France after the armistice is declared in November 1918.
1.Your job, should you decide to accept it, is to argue the particular position of your assigned nation. Utilize the worksheets with a synopsis of each country’s point of view. 2.Within your group delegate the following roles: Nation leader, advisors to the leader, and public relations officer. Please note: your grade will be determined by your ability to effectively debate your country’s position. Good Luck, Sir/Madam…
Focus on the effect this war had on American society.
Remember to include in your write up the specific reasons why you feel society in America changed or why you feel there was no change.
You will have 1 class period to complete this assignment.Closure