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Early Medieval Europe. Medieval Foundations. Christianity Roman Empire Germanic Tribes. Christian Evangelism. Continuing missionary efforts  Progress beyond Roman Empire Armenia. Celtic Christianity. St. Patrick and Ireland Importance of monasteries Abbots’ authority

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Presentation Transcript
medieval foundations
Medieval Foundations
  • Christianity
  • Roman Empire
  • Germanic Tribes
christian evangelism
Christian Evangelism
  • Continuing missionary efforts 
  • Progress beyond Roman Empire
  • Armenia
celtic christianity
Celtic Christianity
  • St. Patrick and Ireland
  • Importance of monasteries
    • Abbots’ authority
    • Evangelism
      • St. Columba
      • Iona
      • Lindisfarne
    • Scholarship (“saving civilization”)
boethius 480 524 a d
Boethius (480-524 A.D.)
  • Advisor to King Theodoric
  • Implicated in a conspiracy and jailed
  • Authored Consolation of Philosophy
  • Blending of Christian and pagan ideas
    • God as a philosophical concept
    • Echoes of both Plato and Aristotle
  • Big influence over next 1,000 years
new barbarian kingdoms
New Barbarian Kingdoms
  • Italy
    • Ostrogoths
    • Lombards
  • Spain – Visigoths
  • England – Anglo-Saxons
  • Religious problems (Arianism)
barbarian kingdoms 2
Barbarian Kingdoms (2)
  • Franks–Merovingians
    • Clovis (482-511)
    • Conversion to Orthodox Christianity
    • Expansion
    • Primitive feudalism, “counts,” & bishops
    • Latin/German fusion
germanic society
Germanic Society
  • Central role of the family
  • Family structure and marriage (Tacitus)
  • Personal nature of legal system
    • Blood feuds
    • Wergeld – “money for a man”
    • Compurgation and ordeal
  • Impersonal nature of legal system—custom and law superior to leaders