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What is IIASA? An introduction to the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. CONTENTS. Major Global Challenges IIASA’s History IIASA’s Approach Research Strategy, Output and Impact. MAJOR GLOBAL CHALLENGES. FOOD. MAJOR GLOBAL CHALLENGES. FOOD.

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what is iiasa an introduction to the international institute for applied systems analysis

What is IIASA? An introduction to the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

contents
CONTENTS
  • Major Global Challenges
  • IIASA’s History
  • IIASA’s Approach
  • Research Strategy, Output and Impact
slide4
FOOD

MAJOR GLOBAL CHALLENGES

slide5
FOOD
  • 870 million people were undernourished in 2012 (FAO)
  • By 2030, the world’s population will have increased by one billion (IIASA)
  • Agriculture accounts for 70% of freshwater withdrawals (UN Water)
water1
WATER
  • 783 million people have inadequate access to safe freshwater (WHO & UNICEF)
  • Water use has been growing at more than twice the rate of population increase in the last century (FAO & UN-Water)
  • Hydropower supplies about 20% of the world’s electricity (ICOLD)
energy1
ENERGY
  • 2.5 billion people are without access to modern energy (IIASA/GEA)
  • World primary energy demand expected to increase by 33% between 2011 & 2035 (IEA)
  • Energy production and consumption contributes over 80% of global GHG emissions (IIASA)
climate change1
CLIMATE CHANGE
  • Each of the last three decades has been successively warmer at the Earth’s surface than any preceding decade since 1850 (IPCC)
  • Global surface temperature change for the end of the 21st century is likely to exceed 1.5°C relative to 1850 for all scenarios (IPCC)
  • 70 million Africans could suffer from devastating floods as a result of climate change (IPCC)
poverty equity1
POVERTY & EQUITY
  • 1.2 billion people are still living in extreme poverty (UN MDG)
  • 60.9 % of workers in the developing world still live on less than US$4 a day(UN MDG)
  • “Hunger is a cause of poverty, not just a consequence of it.” (FAO)
researching global challenges
RESEARCHING GLOBAL CHALLENGES
  • }
  • Integrated
  • Interdisciplinary
  • International
  • Independent
  • Solution-oriented
  • Long term
  • Trade offs
  • = Systems Analysis
the 1960s
THE 1960s

Sources: nuclearweaponarchive.org, The Guardian, US Department of Interior,

slide19

1972

Sources: IIASA

attract the best scientists
ATTRACT THE BEST SCIENTISTS

In addition, IIASA collaborates with almost 300 institutions from 40 countries

nobel prize winners
NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS

Professor Tjalling Koopmansand Professor Leonid Kantorovich

Nobel Prize in Economics (1975)

nobel prize winners1
NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS

Professor Paul Crutzen

Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1995)

nobel prize winners2
NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS

Professor Thomas C. Schelling

Nobel Prize for Economics (2005)

nobel prize winners3
NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS

Intergovernmental Panel

on Climate Change

Nobel Peace Prize (2007)

slide30

IIASA’S

MEMBERS:

Represent scientific community of a country and are often the National Academy or principal research funding agency

funding
FUNDING
  • Annual income in 2012 was €17.9 million of which 53% was from IIASA’s National Member Organizations
  • Additional funding comes from contracts and grants. Between 2006 and 2013, IIASA’s research was awarded grants that amounted to €55 million. This was part of a total funding portfolio of €250 million of the external projects in which IIASA was and is involved.
mission
MISSION

To provide insight and guidance to policymakers worldwide by finding solutions to global and universal problems through applied systems analysis in order to improve human and social wellbeing and to protect the environment.

slide49

Cut sulfur dioxide by 30%

Cut sulfur dioxide by 30%

Moderate costs

Very high costs

Ecosystem highly resilient to acid rain

Ecosystem highly vulnerable to acid rain

for 43 european countries

THE RAINS MODEL

For 43 European countries:
  • Pollution generation & control options, including costs
  • Atmospheric transport and deposition
  • Impacts on the environment
slide51

ASK THE RAINS MODEL

  • Any number of “What if…?” questions:
  • How much would it cost to reduce sulfur dioxide levels to a given standard for all of Europe?
  • For the worst-affected areas only?
  • What is the cheapest way to stop acidification of forest soils in Bohemia?
  • What would be the impact of a new emissions standard for, say, power plants on eutrophication? On acidification? On ozone formation?
  • RAINS gives answers to such questions, usually within minutes.
slide52

INTERNATIONAL TREATY

  • Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution
  • Signed by 33 European governments
  • One of the most successful multilateral treaties protecting the environment
  • Helped Europe to cut sulfur dioxide emissions by 60% over the past 20 years
  • With support of RAINS, treaty and EU now tackles multiple air pollutants (SO2, NOX, NH3, VOCs, PMs)
  • RAINS extended to include greenhouse gases (GAINS) and used by numerous parties and organizations involved in climate change negotiations
thank you

Thank you

For further information about IIASA:

www.iiasa.ac.at or inf@iiasa.ac.at

Subscribe to IIASA’s publications:

www.iiasa.ac.at/keepintouch