Fragments and Run On Sentences Grammar
Quick Review • Every sentence needs two things to be complete: _________________ + _____________________ = a complete sentence • Order of Operations: To check, first look for the ________________ Next, find the _____________________ Then finally, see if the sentence makes sense!
Terms • Clause: a clause is a complete sentence with a subject and a verb. • Predicate is sometimes used in place of VERB (I like verb). • Conjunctions: words that join together clauses. Remember them by FANBOYS- for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
Problem: No Verb • The carpenter worked hard all morning. His assistant after lunch. • Ant farms are fascinating. The ants around in constant motion. • Our class went on a field trip. Mammoth Cave. Solution: Add a verb!
Problem: No Subject • Martha asked about dinner. Hoped it was lasagna. • I jogged around the park twice. Was hot and tired afterward. • Li Cheng raced to the bus stop. Arrived just in the nick of time. Make a complete sentence by adding a subject!
Problem: Missing BOTH • I heard the laughter of the children. In the nursery. • After the spring rain. The whole house smelled fresh and clean. • The noisy chatter of the squirrels awakened us early. In the morning. Using your third step: check to see if it makes sense. If not, add a subject and verb to make a complete sentence.
Run On Sentences Frequent Run On Problems: • Two main clauses only separated by a comma. • Two main clauses with no punctuation between them. • Two main clauses with either no comma or no coordinating conjunction.
A Comma isn’t Enough! • Extra crackers are available, they are next to the salad bar. • Hurdles are Sam's specialty, he likes them best.
Add Punctuation! • The law student studied hard she passed her exam • Kamillooked for the leash he found it in the closet
Conjunction? Add a Comma. • You can rollerskate like a pro but you cannot ice skate. • Julian gazed at the moon and he marveled at its brightness.