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Vindhya institute of technology & science PowerPoint Presentation
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Vindhya institute of technology & science

Vindhya institute of technology & science

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Vindhya institute of technology & science

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  1. Vindhya institute of technology & science

  2. ecosystem

  3. Delivered by –Aarti Katariya BE {CS 1} (1 SEM)

  4. What is an ECOSYSTEM ? ECOSYSTEM – It is a biological environment consists of all the organism living in a particular area as well as the non living physical component of the environment with which organism interact such as AIR,SOIL,WATER,SUNLIGHT etc. The term “Ecosystem” was first proposed by A.G Tansley in 1935.

  5. Types of ecosystem Natural Artificial Terrestrial Garden Crop land Aquatic Desert Aquarium Marine water Fresh water Park Sea Forest Lentic Grass land Lotic Ocean

  6. Types of Ecosystem Natural ecosystem Terrestrial Ecosystem Aquatic Ecosystem Fresh water Marine water Artificial ecosystem

  7. NATURAL ECOSYSTEM – Natural ecosystems operate by themselves under natural conditions without any interference by man.Natural ecosystems carry out many public service functions for us. Waste water from houses & industries is often converted to drinkable water by filteration through natural ecosystems such as soils.

  8. Air pollutions from industries and automobiles are often trapped on leaves or converted to harmless compounds by forests.On the basis of particular type of habitat,they are further sub-divided as: Terrestrial Ecosystem Aquatic Ecosystem

  9. TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEM – They are often defined by the vegetation types that dominate the community. Terrestrial vegetation has a rapid exchange of oxygen,water and carbon dioxide. Terrestrial ecosystems include tropical rain forests,grasslands, deserts,cultivated lands, etc.

  10. Tropical Rain Forest • Precipitation - 250cm/year • Little temp. variation/abundant moisture • Contains more species than other biomes.

  11. Deserts Precipitation 20cm/year Dry, spare vegetation; scattered grasses Parts of Africa, Asia, Australia, North America

  12. Grasslands Precipitation: 10-60cm/year Rich soil; tall dense grasses Central North America; Central Asia

  13. AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM – They fall into two categories. Fresh water ecosystem – It may be “LOTIC” (running - water). i.e. – Streams,rivers & springs. OR “LENTIC” i.e. – Lakes,ponds and swamps.

  14. Freshwater ecosystem

  15. Marine ecosystem - It may include deep sea and oceans.

  16. Artificial ecosystem – They are maintained artificially by man.A pond constructed as part of a waste water treatment plant is an example of artificial ecosystem.In artificial ecosystems, the management can vary over a wide range of actions.Agriculture can be thought of as partial management of certain kinds of ecosystem.

  17. Example of artificial ecosystem- Aquarium Crop land Garden park


  19. Any Question ???

  20. ECO PLACE ECO PARKS Flora & Funna Goa Bandhavgarh national park Animals Mammals Birds Sikkim Kanha national park Kodaikanal Periyar national park Kerala Flora Trees Flowers Corbett national park Himalayas

  21. ECO FLORA ECO WONDERS ECO ANIMALS Trees Royal Bengal Tiger Backwaters Banyan tree Indian Lion Beaches Peepal tree Indian Rhino Caves Neem tree Neelgai Indian deer Deserts

  22. Structure of ecosystem - Every ecosystem has two major components. i.e. Abiotic and biotic ABIOTIC COMPONENT- It is the non-living component of the ecosystem and includes: Physical climatic factors such as soil ,temperature,light and water;and

  23. Chemical factors constituting the inorganic and organic substances.The inorganic substances include C,H,N,K,P,S,etc.that are involved in mineral cycles and are present in an ecosystem at any given time.The organic substances include carbohydrates ,lipids, proteins and humus ,and are present in the biomass or in the environment.

  24. Biotic component - It includes all the living organism. 1. Producers 2.Consumers Primary consumers or herbivores Secondary consumers or carnivorous 3. Decomposers