Models of First Amendment Analysis. First Amendment History. Dangerous utterances (1295): “any false news or tales whereby discord or occasion of discord or slander may grow between the King and his people” Henry VIII [imprimatur] Elizabeth I Stationer’s Company Court of High Commission
Cross burning originated in the 14th century as a means for Scottish tribes to signal each other. See M. Newton & J. Newton, The Ku Klux Klan: An Encyclopedia 145 (1991). Sir Walter Scott used cross burnings for dramatic effect in The Lady of the Lake, where the burning cross signified both a summons and a call to arms. See W. Scott, The Lady of The Lake, canto third. Cross burning in this country, however, long ago became unmoored from its Scottish ancestry. Burning a cross in the United States is inextricably intertwined with the history of the Ku Klux Klan.