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Ming Dynasty. 1368-1644. I. Rise to Power. Chaos of Mongol rule = rebel against Khan Rebel leader = Hongwu Ming Dynasty means Brilliant Dynasty. II. Governing china. Civil service examinations Powerful emperors – total and absolute control Brief exploration, then closed borders

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ming dynasty

Ming Dynasty

1368-1644

i rise to power
I. Rise to Power
  • Chaos of Mongol rule = rebel against Khan
  • Rebel leader = Hongwu
  • Ming Dynasty means Brilliant Dynasty
ii governing china
II. Governing china
  • Civil service examinations
  • Powerful emperors – total and absolute control
  • Brief exploration, then closed borders
  • Also secure borders from invasion
  • Tribute and recognition from border states
iii key people
III. Key People
  • Name meant vast military power
  • Nobles, vassals, peasants
  • Totally suspicious
  • Only few advisors,no cabinet, huge secret police
  • Name meant perpetual happiness
  • Built new capital in Beijing
  • Commissioned Chinese exploration
    • 7 voyages of Zheng He
    • 1500 ton ships
    • Later mandated isolation

A. Hong Wu: The Secretive Man

B. Yongle: The Powerful Man

iv the forbidden city
IV. The Forbidden City
  • Massive capital city in Beijing
  • Highest ranking people only
  • Red walls = border for imperial family
daily life
Daily Life
  • Confucianism
  • Combined Daoism, Buddhism, Confucianism
  • Bridges, canals, roads, temples, shrines and walls of 500 cities.
the end
The End
  • Bridges, canals, rods, temples, shrines and walls of 500 cities.
  • The emperors lazy and incompetent
  • power in hands of eunuchs
  • peasants landless
  • Heavy taxes and natural disasters
    • Peasant rebellion, civil war
    • In 1644, Li Zicheng established the Dashun Dynasty in Xi'an. In the same year, he marched on to Beijing. As the rebels entered the capital, Emperor Chongzhen, the last Ming emperor, committed suicide by hanging himself on Coal Hill (Jingshan), just behind the Forbidden City
spiral timelines scrolls must be completed by the end of mulan
Spiral Timelines (Scrolls)(Must be completed by the end of Mulan!)
  • Must have three dynasties of China represented.
  • For each dynasty you must include
  • three events WITH years AND pictures:
    • Rise : Who, when, how?
    • Golden Age : Who> What? Where?
    • Fall: When, Why? Who?