present perfect continuous n.
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Present Perfect Continuous. prezentare. schema. Afirmativ: S + have/has + been + V-ing… Negativ: S + have/has + not + been + V-ing… Interogativ: have/has + S + been + V-ing…? Observatii : S = subiect, V = verb; I, you, we, they have ; he, she, it has;

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schema
schema
  • Afirmativ: S + have/has + been + V-ing…
  • Negativ: S + have/has + not + been + V-ing…
  • Interogativ: have/has + S + been + V-ing…?

Observatii:

  • S = subiect, V = verb;
  • I, you, we, they have;
  • he, she, it has;
  • “been” se pastreaza indiferent de ceea ce se transmite in propozitie.
utilizare
utilizare
  • O actiune care a inceput in trecut, continua in prezent si poate si in viitor. In acest caz se traduce cu prezentul din limba romana.

Expresii: for, since

for arata durata actiunii
For (arata durata actiunii)

Poate fi folosit cu orice numeral si unitate de masura a timpului:

  • For two hours (timp de doua ore)
  • For three years (timp de trei ani)
  • For four minutes (timp de patru minute) etc.

Mai poate fi folosit cu expresii de urmatorul tip:

  • For a long time (de mult timp)
  • For ages (de un “car” de vreme, de foarte mult timp)
  • For a while (de ceva vreme) etc.
  • Scriem de o ora. We have been writing for an hour.
  • Studiem engleza de mult timp. We have been studying English for a long time.
since momentul de incepere al actiunii
Since (momentul de incepere al actiunii)
  • Since lunch time (din timpul pranzului)
  • Since 1998 (din 1998)
  • Since the arrival (de la sosire)
  • Since they came (de cand au venit ei)
  • Since I was a child (de cand eram copil) etc.

Observatii:

De remarcat faptul ca “since” poate introduce o propozitie, spre deosebire de “for”, care nu poate;

De remarcat ca in propozitia introdusa prin “since” se foloseste Past Simple!

Se uita la TV de cand au venit de la scoala. They have been watching TV since they came from school.

Locuieste in aceeasi casa din 1987. She has been living in the same house since 1987.

utilizari
utilizari

2. O actiune incheiata de curand, cu subliniere asupra duratei de desfasurare. In acest caz se traduce cu perfect compus (trecut).

“De ce esti asa de ud?” “M-am plimbat prin ploaie.” = “Why are you so wet?” “I have been walking in the rain.”

atentie
Atentie!
  • Chiar daca situatia comunicata cere un Present Perfect Continuous, totusi, daca verbul are restrictie la un timp continuu, atunci se pune Present Perfect Simple.
verbe care nu pot fi folosite la un timp continuu
Verbe care NU pot fi folosite la un timp continuu
  • Verbele de perceptie (to see, to taste, to smell, to hear etc.)
  • Alte verbe ca: to be, to have, to think, to believe, to love, to like, to hate, to know,to understand, to want, to prefer, to mean, to seem, to belong, to remember…etc.
  • pentru detalii vezi prezentarea Present Simple/Continuous (diferente)
exemplu
exemplu
  • Suntem aici de o ora.
  • We have been here for an hour.

Observatie:

Actiunea “a fi” a inceput in trecut (acum o ora) si se afla inca in desfasurare, insa NU putem folosi Present Perfect Continuous pentru ca verbul “to be” NU poate fi folosit la un timp continuu.