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En - ROADS Supporting Data. Commercialization Time and Progress Ratios. Sources include: Akiner , S. & Aldis , A . (2004), Smil ,V . (2006).

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En - ROADS Supporting Data


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    1. En-ROADS SupportingData

    2. Commercialization Timeand Progress Ratios

    3. Sources include: Akiner, S. & Aldis, A. (2004), Smil,V. (2006)

    4. Progress Ratio is the change in price with one doubling of cumulative installed capacity. A Progress Ratio above 1.0 (100%) means that a doubling of installed capacity increases the cost of the next installed capacity. Ex. - A PR of 0.9 means that, after one doubling of installed capacity, the new price is 90% of the old price. Sources include: Junginger, M., et al. (2010), McDonald, A., Schrattenholzer, L (2001)

    5. Source: McDonald, A., Schrattenholzer, L. (2001)

    6. World Energy Resources

    7. Sources include: IPCC. (2007), World Energy Council. (2010)

    8. Sources include: IPCC. (2011), Jacobson, M. Z. (2009)

    9. Construction MaterialsRequired

    10. Sources include: J. Sullivan, et al. (2010), Kris R. Voorspools, et al. (2000)

    11. Sources include: J. Sullivan, et al. (2010), Kris R. Voorspools, et al. (2000)

    12. Sources include: J. Sullivan, et al. (2010), Kris R. Voorspools, et al. (2000)

    13. Source: Greenpeace. (2010)

    14. Development and Construction Time

    15. Development includes preconstruction activities such as performing feasibility studies, securing financing, identifying and purchasing/leasing a site, obtaining a site permit, approving and issuing a construction permit, and dealing with appeals. Sources include: Jacobson, M. Z. (2009), US Department of Energy (2008)

    16. Construction time also includes post construction activities, such as connecting the energy source to the grid. Sources include: Jacobson, M. Z. (2009), US Department of Energy (2008)

    17. Sources include: Jacobson, M. Z. (2009), US Department of Energy (2008)

    18. Sources include: Jacobson, M. Z. (2009), US Department of Energy (2008)

    19. Lifecycle Emissions

    20. Sources include: Hiroki, H. (2005), White, S. & Kulcinski, G. (1998)

    21. Sources include: Hiroki, H. (2005), White, S. & Kulcinski, G. (1998)

    22. Efficiency Improvements

    23. Sources include: US Department of Energy (2011), US Bureau of Transportation Statistics (2011)

    24. Energy Intensity

    25. *EIA data for Germany begins in 1991; EIA world data begins in 1994 Sources: World Resources Institute (2011), US Energy Information Administration (2012)

    26. *EIA data for Germany begins in 1991; EIA world data begins in 1994 Sources: World Resources Institute (2011), US Energy Information Administration (2012)

    27. Source: World Resources Institute (2011)

    28. Source: World Resources Institute (2011)

    29. *Europe data range for EIA is 1994-2005 Source: US Energy Information Administration (2012)

    30. *Europe data range for EIA is 1994-2005 Source: US Energy Information Administration (2012)

    31. *Africa defined as Sub-Saharan Africa by WRI; Asia defined as "Asia (excluding Middle East)" by WRI and "Asia and Oceania" by EIA; Europe data range for EIA is 1994-2005 Sources: World Resources Institute (2011), US EIA (2012), International Energy Agency (2011)

    32. Source: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (1998)

    33. 2.6 w/m2 of radiative forcing indicates a CO2 equivalent concentration of 450ppm 3.7 w/m2 of radiative forcing indicates a CO2 equivalent concentration of 550ppm Sources: EMF-22, En-ROADS v56n

    34. Sources: LBNL (1998), US Bureau of Transportation Statistics (2011), US DOE (2011)