Denver Public Schools. Inclusive Physical Education Workshop David Martinez, M.A., CAPE, CDSS Amy aenchbacher, ed.s ., cape, CDSS. Physical education.
Inclusive Physical Education Workshop
David Martinez, M.A., CAPE, CDSS
Amy aenchbacher, ed.s., cape, CDSS
Physical education is the foundation of a comprehensive school physical activity program. It is an academic subject that uses a planned, sequential program of curricula and instruction, based on state and/or national physical education standards, which results in all students, including those with disabilities, developing the knowledge, skills, and confidence needed to adopt and maintain a physically activity lifestyle.
Adapted physical education (APE) is physical education which may be adapted or modified to address the individualized needs of children and youth who have gross motor developmental delays.
For all practical purposes, Adapted Physical Education IS developmentally appropriate physical education at its finest. It involves differentiating instruction so the physical activity is as appropriate for the person with a disability as it is for a person without a disability. The emphasis of adapted physical education is to facilitate participation of students with disabilities with typically developing peers in age-appropriate activities.
(1) As used in this part, the term special education means specially designed instruction, at no cost to the parents, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability, including-
(i) Instruction conducted in the classroom, in the home, in hospitals and institutions, and in other settings; and
(ii) Instruction in physical education.
According to Winnick (2005), an important
objective of Section 504 is to insure that school based
programs are equally effective. “To be equally effective, a
program must offer individuals with disabilities equal
opportunity to attain the same results, and gain the same
benefits, or reach the same levels of achievement
as peers without disabilities (pg. 16).”
The ADA is a wide-ranging civil rights law that prohibits, under certain circumstances, discrimination based on disability.
ADA Requires accessibility in
physical education facilities.
Nonpartisan agency that works for Congress. “The congressional watchdog," The GAO reports on how well government programs and policies are meeting their objectives
students with disabilities participate in athletics at consistently lower rates than students without disabilities.
OCR makes it clear that schools may not exclude students who have a disability from trying out and playing on a team.
Schools don’t have to change the essential rules of the game, and they don’t have to do anything that would provide a student with a disability an unfair competitive advantage. But they do need to make reasonable modifications (such as using a laser instead of a starter pistol to start a race so a deaf runner can compete) to ensure that students with disabilities get the very same opportunity to play as everyone else.
Arne Duncan, U.S. Secretary of Education
What do you do?
Where do we even start?
I don’t know what he/she can do?
I have students from one end of the continuum to the other!
I just feel as if I have no idea what to do next!
“ Isn’t our job to teach ALL kids?”
Nancy Klein, Anchorage City Schools
Elementary PE Specialist
our philosophy was based on
what the student CAN DO –
not what the student
Courtesy Richard Klein: www.losethetrainingwheels.org
Analyzing all the variables that effect learning will enhance the discovery of adaptations that will maximize the possibility of success.
Davis, T.D. (2003). Why Become a CAPE? Palaestra, 19, 4-5.
Davis, T.D. (2013). SimplexityGames: Strategies for Addressing Children with Disabilities in Physical Education. Presentation given during the MAHPERD Annual Convention. Lansing, MI.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act. Public Law 108-446. 118 Stat. 2647 et seq. (2004).
PE Central (2009). http://www.pecentral.org/adapted/adaptedwhatis.html.
Sherrill, C. (2004). Adapted Physical Activity, Recreation, and Sport: Crossdisciplinary and Lifespan. McGraw-Hill Higher Education
U. S. Department of Education (2007). Free Appropriate Public Education for Students With Disabilities: Requirements Under Section 504 of The Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Retrieved November 20, 2013 from: http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/edlite-FAPE504.html.
U.S. Department of Education. (2005). Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments of 2004. Vol. 70, Number 118, 34 CFR, § 300. Washington, DC: Author.
Winnick, J. P. (2005). Adapted Physical Education and Sport (4th ed). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.