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The Roman Catholic Church was a powerful institution in the Middle Ages. The Roman Catholic Church united people in the Middle Ages. It was the only Christian Church in Western Europe. People paid church taxes and accepted its leadership. The Roman Catholic Church was the

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

The Roman Catholic Church was a

powerful institution in the Middle Ages.

slide2

The Roman Catholic

Church united

people in the

Middle Ages. It

was the only

Christian Church in

Western Europe.

People paid church

taxes and accepted

its leadership.

slide3

The Roman Catholic Church was the

largest landowner in Western Europe.

It was a wealthy and powerful institution.

slide4

But some popes were corrupt. Some

popes used their position for personal

gain and pleasure and were not

spiritual leaders.

slide5

Some popes encouraged the sale of

indulgences to raise money for the Church.

slide6

When a Catholic

committed a sin, he

had to ask forgiveness

through the Church.

To show his sincerity

when asking for

forgiveness, he

could buy an

indulgence. An

indulgence was a

piece of paper

granting forgiveness.

slide7

Martin Luther was a German monk.

He was deeply troubled by the sale of

indulgences.

slide8

In 1517, Martin Luther posted his

95 theses on a Church door in

Germany. These statements

questioned Church practices.

slide9

Through reading the Bible, Martin Luther

concluded that faith alone could save

a person. A person could not be saved

through the Church or good works.

slide10

Church officials asked Luther to

repent or ask forgiveness for his

actions. Luther refused. The Pope

excommunicated Luther.

slide11

An excommunicated Catholic cannot

participate fully in Church sacraments.

Luther was cast out of the Catholic Church.

slide12

Martin Luther left the Church and

started his own church, the Lutheran

Church. He married and raised a

family.

slide13

The Protestant Reformation

or the protest against the

Roman Catholic Church led

to the end of Christian

unity. No longer would

one Christian Church

exist. Instead, many

churches developed. As

for Luther, German princes

protected him and he

lived a long life.

questions
Questions
  • Why was the Roman Catholic Church powerful during the Middle Ages?
  • What were indulgences?
  • Who was opposed to the sale of indulgences? Why was he opposed?
  • What were the 95 Theses?
  • What happened to Martin Luther?
  • Why was the Protestant Reformation an

end of Christian unity/