FOOD CHAINS AND FOOD WEBS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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FOOD CHAINS AND FOOD WEBS

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  1. FOOD CHAINSAND FOOD WEBS

  2. Words to Know Producer – an organism that makes it’s own food. *Plants are producers. Consumers – an organism that has to eat to get energy. Consumers include herbivores,carnivores, and scavengers. What do you think a scavenger is?

  3. Types of Consumers herbivore – an organism that only eats plants carnivore - an organism that only eats meat omnivore – an organism that eats both meat & plants

  4. Decomposers • Break down (digest) dead plants and animals • Bacteria and fungi are two examples • Reduces dead organisms to simpler forms of matter • Returns them to the soil

  5. What are food chains and food webs? The movement of energy through ecosystems is shown in diagrams called food chains and food webs.

  6. Food Chain • Shows how each living thing gets food. Organisms transfer energy by eating and being eaten. • Always begins with the producer • Arrows show the flow of energy from one organism to another and go in one direction.

  7. Build a Food Chain Click on the links below to build a food chain: Build a food chain activity. Another food chain activity. Food Chain Game

  8. Food Web • A collection of food chains interconnected or overlapping food chains from the same ecosystem • Arrows show the flow of energy from one organism to another. This flow of energy branches out in many directions • Webs contain multiple consumers and producers.

  9. Build a Food Web Click on the links below to build a food web: Food Web Build a Food Web Build an Aquatic Food Web Fun with Food Webs

  10. Energy Pyramid • Shows the amounts of energy available at each trophic (nutritional) level of an ecosystem • Producers are at the base – consumers make up the other levels. • The higher in the pyramid, the less energy available Secondary Consumer Primary Consumer

  11. Find Out More About Energy Pyramids Click on the button below to learn more: Energy Pyramid

  12. Quiz • A lion is a __________ because it eats only meat. carnivore herbivore omnivore

  13. A _________ is a producer. cheetah plant grasshopper

  14. True or False. A food web can have multiple consumers and producers. TRUE FALSE

  15. Which animal would fit in the blank of this food chain? ?? hawk zebra mouse butterfly

  16. The plant gets its energy from the _______. roots stem sun flowers

  17. CORRECT!! Back to question

  18. TRY AGAIN! Back to question