Food Chains and Food Webs - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Food Chains and Food Webs

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  1. Food Chains and Food Webs

  2. Animals In Barnegat Bay Estuary • Thousands of species of plants and animals live in the Barnegat Bay, including: • Fish like flounder and seahorses • Reptiles like mud turtles and terapins • Molluscs like scallops and clams • Crustaceans like crabs and shrimp • Birds like herons, ospreys and egrets

  3. What is a food chain? • A food chain is “a sequence of organisms, each of which uses the next, lower member of the sequence as a food source1”

  4. What is a producer? • An organism that creates it’s own food through photosynthesis • What can you think of that might be the most common energy source for all producers? • The SUN

  5. Important facts about food chains In a food chain, each organism obtains energy from the one at the level below. Plants are called producers because they create their own food through photosynthesis Animals are consumers because they cannot create their own food, they must eat (consume) plants or other animals to get the energy they need.

  6. Primary Producers Primary producers are “organisms capable of producing their own food” We can also say that they are photosynthetic, use light energy. Examples of primary producers include algae, phytoplankton, and large plants. Primary producers are eaten by primary consumers (herbivores) http://i.ehow.com/images/GlobalPhoto/Articles/4729527/sun-plant_Full.jpg

  7. Primary Producers of Barnegat Bay Eelgrass Diatoms http://photography.nationalgeographic.com/staticfiles/NGS/Shared/StaticFiles/Photography/Images/Content/diatom-shapes-527153-sw.jpg http://weblog.signonsandiego.com/weblogs/afb/archives/eelgrass.jpg Dinoflagellates Microflagellates http://www.vattenkikaren.gu.se/fakta/arter/algae/mikroalg/ceraspp/cerasp.jpeg http://www.microscopy-uk.org.uk/mag/imgsep03/013.jpg

  8. Four types of consumer Herbivores: animals that eat only plants Carnivores: animals that eat only other animals Omnivores: animals that eat animals and plants Detritivores: Animals that eat dead materials and organic wastes (aka decomposers)

  9. http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/content/animals/kidscorner/animaldiet/herbivore.htmhttp://www.sheppardsoftware.com/content/animals/kidscorner/animaldiet/herbivore.htm

  10. http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/content/animals/kidscorner/animaldiet/carnivore.htmhttp://www.sheppardsoftware.com/content/animals/kidscorner/animaldiet/carnivore.htm

  11. http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/content/animals/kidscorner/animaldiet/omnivore.htmhttp://www.sheppardsoftware.com/content/animals/kidscorner/animaldiet/omnivore.htm

  12. http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/content/animals/kidscorner/foodchain/decomposers.htmhttp://www.sheppardsoftware.com/content/animals/kidscorner/foodchain/decomposers.htm

  13. Other Ways to Classify Consumers Primary Consumers: Herbivores Secondary Consumers: Carnivores that eat herbivores Tertiary Consumers: Carnivores that eat other carnivores

  14. Primary Consumers in Barnegat Bay Grass Cerith (a type of snail; eats mostly Eelgrass) http://www.jaxshells.org/bitt.jpg

  15. Primary Consumers in Barnegat Bay Eelgrass Pill Bug (eats Eelgrass) http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_ODUGlGhaapI/SKP-k__HmDI/AAAAAAAAE5Y/4Ifc_8nzmeA/s400/pill+bug.JPG

  16. Secondary Consumers Blue Crab (eats worms, snails, etc.) http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/gallery/descript/alligatorgar/bluecrab.JPG

  17. Tertiary Consumers Eat other animals in marsh including voles, fish, and other types of birds Osprey Sandpiper http://bkpass.tripod.com/LeastSandpiper.jpg www.montereybay.com

  18. Omnivore Mallard ducks eats invertebrates, fish, amphibians, plants http://ginavivinetto.files.wordpress.com/2008/10/mallard_duck.jpg

  19. Detritivore Worms are common detritivores in many ecosystems including Barnegat Bay

  20. What is a food web? A food web is “an interlocking pattern of food chains2”