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Grain Handling Safety - An Introduction. Damon C. Nix, Research Engineer II. Grain Handling Facilities. Operations Receive, Handle, Store, Process, Ship Raw Agriculture Commodities Corn, Wheat, Oats, Barley, Sunflower seeds, Soybeans, Peanuts Industries

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grain handling safety an introduction

Grain Handling Safety- An Introduction

Damon C. Nix, Research Engineer II

grain handling facilities
Grain Handling Facilities
  • Operations
      • Receive, Handle, Store, Process, Ship
  • Raw Agriculture Commodities
      • Corn, Wheat, Oats, Barley, Sunflower seeds, Soybeans, Peanuts
  • Industries
      • Grain mills, Feed mills, Grain warehousing…Craft Breweries
hazards in grain handling
Hazards in Grain Handling
  • Grain Dust Fires and Explosions
    • Receiving Pits
    • Inside Bucket Elevator Legs
    • Dust Accumulations
hazards in grain handling4
Hazards in Grain Handling
  • Suffocation
    • Engulfment / Entrapment
    • “Walking Down” the Grain
    • Bridging or Buildup Conditions
hazards in grain handling5
Hazards in Grain Handling
  • Falls
    • Walls and floor openings
    • Unguarded catwalks
    • Platforms
    • Ladders
hazards in grain handling6
Hazards in Grain Handling
  • Machine Hazards
    • Augers
    • Conveyors
    • Belts and Pulleys
hazards in grain handling7
Hazards in Grain Handling
  • Atmospheric Hazards
    • Mold
    • Chemical Fumigants
    • Decaying/Fermenting Silage
    • Oxygen deprivation
injury and fatality data
Injury and Fatality Data
  • Purdue University Study (2010)
    • 51 Grain Entrapments
      • 12% involved workers under age 16
    • 26 Fatalities
      • 5 under age 16
  • BLS Data for Grain and Oilseed Milling (2009)
    • 3,000 recordable injury cases
    • 4.6 injuries / 100 full-time workers
      • About 1 in 20 full-time workers have a recordable injury annually
    • 56% of injuries result in days away, job restrictions or transfer
inspection activity for 1910 272
Inspection Activity for 1910.272
  • Commonly Cited Industries by SIC:
    • 5153: Grain and Field Beans
    • 4221: Farm Product Warehousing and Storage
    • 2048: Feed Mills
    • 2041: Grain Mills
  • Inspection Activity for FY 2010
    • 340 Citations
    • $4.1 Million
osha update
OSHA Update
  • Enforcement
    • Haasbach/Hillsdale Case
    • 3 fatalities, 2 teenager in entrapment incident
    • $1,352,125 in fines
  • Increasing Inspections of Grain Operations
    • 300 inspections in FY 2010
    • 75% had OSHA violations
  • Publications
    • Notification Letters to 13,000 worksites
    • Updated Grain Handling Safety and Health Topics webpages
    • New fact sheet, wallet card
grain handling facilities standard 29 cfr 1910 272
Grain Handling Facilities Standard29 CFR 1910.272
  • Effective since 1988
  • Last amended 1996
  • Administrative
    • Emergency Action Plan
    • Employee Training
  • Hot Work Issues
  • Grain Bin Entry Procedures
  • Dust Control Measures
    • Housekeeping
    • Equipment Requirements
    • Preventative Maintenance
course agenda
Course Agenda
  • Objective:
    • Promote compliance with 1910.272 among Georgia employers.
  • Topics Covered:
    • Safe Grain Bin Entry
    • Controlling Combustible Dust Hazards in Grain Handling
    • Other Grain Facility Hazards
    • Program Administration
general resources
General Resources
  • OSHA Grain Handling Safety Page: http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/grainhandling/index.html
  • NIOSH Grain Handling Health Topics: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/agriculture/#grain
  • Purdue University’s Grain Lab: http://extension.entm.purdue.edu/grainlab/
special thanks
Special Thanks
  • Birdsong Peanuts
  • Mar-Jac Poultry
  • Milner Milling
  • Swartz Ag
  • U.S. Poultry and Egg Association