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Why drinking and driving education is important for teens?. Every 3 in 10 Americans will be involved in an alcohol related crash at some point in their lives. Every 2 minutes someone is injured in an alcohol related crash. 1 person is killed every 30 minutes due to an alcohol related crash!
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Why drinking and driving education is important for teens? Every 3 in 10 Americans will be involved in an alcohol related crash at some point in their lives. Every 2 minutes someone is injured in an alcohol related crash. 1 person is killed every 30 minutes due to an alcohol related crash! Few more statistics for you…
Chapter 6Drinking, Drugs & Health Driver Education
Alcohol The negative effects of alcohol on an individual.
Effects of Alcohol Alcohol is a drug that affects overall driving ability. It may make a motorist overconfident and unable to think clearly. Drinking even a small amount of alcohol increases a motorist’s chances of having an accident.
Driving Under the Influence A driver’s senses and judgment are impaired by alcohol WHY??
Alcohol in your System • It is a depressant drug. • It promotes relaxation and slows down all body functions. • Alcohol is absorbed directly through the stomach lining and small intestines.
Alcohol in your System • Alcohol is removed slowly by the body. • The majority of the alcohol detoxified is oxidized (burned up) by the liver. • The other 10 percent is eliminated in breath, urine, and sweat.
The Effects on the Body • As little as 1 drink can begin to negatively affect the body for the driving process • Reaction Time • Coordination • Balance • Spatial Awareness • Vision • Decision Making
What is considered 1 drink? • How much alcohol is in one drink? • There is approximately .5 ounce of alcohol in each of the following: 12 ounce beer = 1.5 ounces of 80 proof liquor =5 oz glass of wine
Question?? • If the same person has seven beers, it would be equal to drinking how many mixed drinks or glasses of wine? • Seven mixed drinks • Seven glasses of wine
How Much is Too Much to get behind the wheel? • The only scientific way to check is through Blood Alcohol concentration which can be determined by a simple breath test. • BAC is determined by four factors • Quantity of alcohol consumed • Body Weight • How quickly drinks were consumed • Food eaten
BAC Calculator http://www.ou.edu/oupd/bac.htm
BAC • It is illegal for an individual who is 21 years of age or older to drive with a BAC of what? • .08 or higher • For individuals younger than 21, it is illegal to drive with a BAC of what? • .01 or higher Best is not to drive at all after drinking!
BAC If a motorist has reached a BAC of slightly above .05 % after drinking, the risk for causing a motor vehicle accident doubles. The risk is six times as great when driving with a BAC of .10 %. 25 times as great with .15% BAC
BAC Under state law, refusal to take a breath test is equal to driving with a BAC of .08 for a first offense. The current penalty is loss of driving privileges for seven months to one year. Those who choose not to take a breath test are also subject to an MVC insurance surcharge of $1000 per year for 3 years.
Is it Possible to Beat a Breathalyzer Test?? • 10 minutes
Sobering Up • Do any of the following sober techniques work? • Drinking caffeine • Exercising • Taking a cold shower
NO! • The average body burns off one drink in approximately one hour. • For a smaller person it will take longer and for a larger person it will take a slightly shorter time to oxidize the drink.
It is important to remember • it does not matter which alcoholic beverage is consumed. • IT’S NOT WHAT YOU DRINK, IT’S HOW MUCH YOU DRINK • What alcoholic beverage do you think the most people that have been drunk driving had been drinking? • Beer
Field Test Lets see how drinking effects our driving skills
What would you do? • Scenario 1 • You and a friend drive together to a party. Your friend drinks five beers and at the end of the evening says to you “come on — let’s go.” This is your only close friend at the party, and you know you have to be home in a half-hour because of your curfew. Your not sure if should drive home with your friend because she/ he has been drinking but you need to get home before curfew; you also do not want to hurt his/her feelings.
Is your friend safe to drive with? Why or why not? • What are the possible consequence for driving home with your friend? • What are the possible consequences if you do not ride home with your friend? • Who may be effected in each of your decisions? • What would you do and why?
How do they know you are DWI?? • Speeding • an intoxicated driver often thinks high speed driving is safe. • Weaving • Even though an intoxicated driver may stay in the correct lane, driving straight may be a problem.
Slow driving • Jerking motion • an intoxicated river often may have short mental lapses and not keep a steady speed on a clear road. • Quick stops
Good Hosts and the Drinking Driver Always be a good host. Do NOT let anyone drive that has been drinking too much. Provide non-alcoholic beverages. Stop serving alcohol before the party ends. Don’t let anyone who has drank to much drive home Suggest Nap Last resort call police! Why????
Why is it important to be a good host? Hosts may become involved in a lawsuit if a guest is involved in a drinking and driving collision after leaving the party.
Designated Drivers New Jersey is the first state in the US to officially launch the Hero Campaign for Designated Drivers. NJ encourages all state residents to participate in designated driver programs wherever they travel. A motorist who chooses to have a DD when attending functions where alcohol will be served shows maturity and consideration for other motorists who share the road.
Is there such this asBuzzed Driving? Buzzed Driving
Drugs and Driving • It is illegal to operate a motor vehicle on NJ roadways under the influence of any illegal drugs. • The labels on bottles of prescription drugs will describe certain side effects. • Drugs that “may cause drowsiness or dizziness” should not be taken before driving.
Drugs and Driving • Drugs that may affect basic driving skills include cold pills, tranquilizers and some prescription medications. • Never mix drugs and alcohol • If asked, motorists using prescription drugs must show proof of the prescription to law enforcement.
After alcohol, what drug is most often found with drivers involved in collisions? • Marijuana
Drugs and Driving • Marijuana use may affect a motorist in the following ways: • Loss of tracking ability: This is the ability to maintain a vehicle in a given line. • Distance Judgment: Following too closely can cause problems. • Vigilance: Not remaining attentive to the driving task can cause a motorist to follow too closely, drift into another lane, etc. • Divided Attention: Driving is a task that requires constant attention to traffic, roadway and weather conditions, passengers, gauges, etc.
Healthy Driving • Health • Any health problem can affect an individual’s driving. • Even little problems like a stiff neck, a cough or a sore leg can give an individual trouble.
Healthy Driving • Vision • A motorist should have his/her eyes tested every year or two. • Good side vision (peripheral vision) is also essential for safe driving.
Healthy Driving • Hearing • Hearing is essential to driving. • It can warn a motorist of danger. • A motorist should always keep the radio turned down and never wear earphones.
DUI and DWI • What is the difference between DUI and DWI? • Some states make no distinction between DUI and DWI. One of the main things to remember regardless of the two is that your ability to drive has become IMPAIRED.
DUI DUI: Driving Under the Influence of drugs or alcohol. Alcohol is definitely in the driver’s system, but depending on the level of impairment, they may or may not be charged with the offense. Those people registering below the legal limit may not be charged with DUI. Other Violations can be administered if detected.
DWI • DWI: Driving While Intoxicated by alcohol or drugs. You are at, or over the legal limit and will most likely be arrested for the offense.
Implied Consent Law • Motorist on NJ roadways have agreed, simply by using NJ roadways, to submit to a breath test given by law enforcement or hospital staff following an arrest for drinking and driving offense. • Refuse? • Detained and brought to hospital, hospital may draw blood
Refusal worth it? $1000 fine for 3 years Plus loss of driving privileges for 7months to 1 year
Ignition Interlock Device A motorist who is convicted of a DUI offense must install an ignition interlock device in any motor vehicle they own, lease or operate during and after the entire period for which their driving privilege is suspended. This device is attached to the vehicle with a built-in Breathalyzer and prevents the vehicle from starting if the motorist’s BAC exceeds .05 percent. The interlock requirement is in addition to any other penalty required under the state’s drunk driving statute.
Impaired Driving Statistics Motor vehicle crashes remain the number one cause of death among youth ages 15-20. There were 7,460 youth motor vehicle deaths in 2005. (This includes both drivers and passengers.)National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Twenty-eight percent (28%) of 15- to 20-year-old drivers who were killed in motor vehicle crashes in 2005 had been drinking.National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Impaired Driving Statistics For young drivers (15-20 years old), alcohol involvement is higher among males than among females. In 2005, 24% of the young male drivers involved in fatal crashes had been drinking at the time of the crash, compared with 12% of the young female drivers involved in fatal crashes.National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Drivers are less likely to use seat belts when they have been drinking. In 2005, 64% of the young drivers of passenger vehicles involved in fatal crashes who had been drinking were unrestrained. Of the young drivers who had been drinking and were killed in crashes, 74% were unrestrained.National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Impaired Driving Statistics It is estimated that 24,560 lives have been saved by minimum drinking age laws since 1975.National Highway Traffic Safety Administration In 2005, an estimated 906 lives were saved by minimum drinking age laws. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Impaired Driving Statistics • During the last 30 days, 28.5% of high school students nationwide had ridden one or more times in a car or other vehicle driven by someone who had been drinking alcohol.2005 CDC Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance • In 2005, 39% of fatal crashes (all age groups) involved alcohol. The rate of alcohol involvement in fatal crashes is more than three times higher at night than during the day (59% vs. 18%).National Highway Traffic Safety Administration • In 2005, 30% of all fatal crashes (all age groups) during the week were alcohol-related, compared to 52% on weekends.National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Driver Privileges and Penalties Chapter 7
Privilege? State Law • Allows or requires an individuals driving privilege to be suspended for certain motor vehicle violations • Driver license will be taken away for a stated period of time