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Signs & Stories PowerPoint Presentation
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Signs & Stories

Signs & Stories

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Signs & Stories

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Signs & Stories Codes and Semiotics in Family Stories

  2. CULTURAL Code • Agreed-upon frame of reference • With a “grammar” (system of rules) • For making sense and expressing experience • Learned through experience

  3. Signifiers & Signified • SIGN (icon, index, symbol) is the SIGNIFIER • OBJECT of ATTENTION is the SIGNIFIED • “(fire)” is the SIGNIFIED of the Index: Smoke • What is the SIGNIFIED of an engagement ring? • This network of relationships between signified and signifier is the CODE

  4. Diachronic vs. Synchronic Meaning • DIACHRONIC—means across time • SYNCHRONIC—means at one point in time

  5. SYNCHRONIC • When something is synchronic—it happens at one point in time, and therefore, it calls for us to make sense of it— • We use the grammar and our experience to do that

  6. DIACHRONIC • It happens across time—which means it has been repeated…has occurred at least at two different points in time. • It is the BASIS for sensemaking—the way these events are related. • If it’s been repeated enough to trigger an EXPECTATION—the absence of the sign will cause dissonance and require sensemaking