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Signs & Stories. Codes and Semiotics in Family Stories. CULTURAL Code. Agreed-upon frame of reference With a “grammar” (system of rules) For making sense and expressing experience Learned through experience. Signifiers & Signified. SIGN (icon, index, symbol) is the SIGNIFIER

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signs stories

Signs & Stories

Codes and Semiotics in Family Stories

cultural code
CULTURAL Code
  • Agreed-upon frame of reference
  • With a “grammar” (system of rules)
  • For making sense and expressing experience
  • Learned through experience
signifiers signified
Signifiers & Signified
  • SIGN (icon, index, symbol) is the SIGNIFIER
  • OBJECT of ATTENTION is the SIGNIFIED
  • “(fire)” is the SIGNIFIED of the Index: Smoke
  • What is the SIGNIFIED of an engagement ring?
  • This network of relationships between signified and signifier is the CODE
diachronic vs synchronic meaning
Diachronic vs. Synchronic Meaning
  • DIACHRONIC—means across time
  • SYNCHRONIC—means at one point in time
synchronic
SYNCHRONIC
  • When something is synchronic—it happens at one point in time, and therefore, it calls for us to make sense of it—
  • We use the grammar and our experience to do that
diachronic
DIACHRONIC
  • It happens across time—which means it has been repeated…has occurred at least at two different points in time.
  • It is the BASIS for sensemaking—the way these events are related.
  • If it’s been repeated enough to trigger an EXPECTATION—the absence of the sign will cause dissonance and require sensemaking
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