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What was the ”square deal?”

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What was the ”square deal?” - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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What was the ”square deal?”

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  1. What was the ”square deal?” • Teddy Roosevelt’s efforts to protect rights of workers & common people

  2. How was the 1902 Coal Strike a favorable turn for organized labor? • Roosevelt forced the two sides to come together & negotiate instead of siding with management (Government intervention when strike threatens public interest)

  3. What did the Hepburn Act (1906) do? • Strengthened the Interstate Commerce Commission by allowing it to regulate RR rates

  4. Which amendment provided direct election of Senators? Why did people want this? What group initially proposed this? • The 17th amendment, People felt the Senate only served the interests of the wealthy and powerful, the Populists

  5. Which amendment outlawed the use of alcohol? What movement pushed for this? Why? • The 18th Amendment, The Temperance Movement – they believed alcohol was at root of social problems

  6. What is the NAWSA? What was its goal? • National Americans Women Suffrage Association, the vote for women

  7. What woman had a strong impact on both the abolitionist movement and women's suffrage? • Susan B. Anthony

  8. Which amendment gave women the right to vote? When was it passed? • 19th amendment, 1920

  9. Who was the leader of the work for labor reform? • Florence Kelly

  10. Identify two ways progressives tried to help working people. • 10 hour work day, end child labor, improved workplace safety

  11. What was the purpose of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act? • regulate trusts and monopolies

  12. Which 1914 law strengthened the Sherman Anti-Trust Act and extended protection to workers and farm organizations? • Clayton Anti-Trust Act

  13. What racist terrorist group formed in Tennessee after the Civil War? What were the three groups they worked hardest to oppress? • the Ku Klux Klan (KKK); Blacks, Roman Catholics, and Jews

  14. Who founded the NAACP? What was it’s purpose? • W.E.B. DuBois, to gain greater political/social equality for blacks

  15. Name two things the Muckrakers exposed. • the political corruption, poor working/living conditions, unsafe food/drugs, trusts/monopolies

  16. What was the purpose of the Meat Inspection Act? What book helped bring it about? • It insured that meats were prepared under proper sanitary conditions, The Jungle by Upton Sinclair

  17. What party ran Teddy Roosevelt as its candidate & pushed for the 8 hour day, workmen’s comp-ensation, and women’s suffrage? • Bull Moose Party (election of 1912)

  18. What group wanted to set aside large pieces of land for national parks? • Conservationists (like John Muir)

  19. Who started the “settlement house” movement to help care for poor women and children? • Jane Addams

  20. Name two steps taken by progressives to eliminate political corruption. • Recall (corrupt officials could be voted out), referendum, initiative, primaries (voters choose candidates)

  21. What kinds of steps did “reform mayors” take to clean up their communities? • Works programs, government control of transportation & utilities, open meetings

  22. Identify two of Woodrow Wilson’s big financial reforms. • Federal Income Tax, Federal Reserve System (the FED), lower tariffs, Federal Trade Commission (FTC)